How to Obtain an EIN in Alabama | A Comprehensive Guide

Obtain an EIN in Alabama

In starting an LLC in Alabama, it is crucial to understand the importance of an Employer Identification Number (EIN) and how it impacts your business operations. An EIN is a unique nine-digit number the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) assigns to businesses operating in the United States for identification purposes. This number is essential for running a business, such as filing taxes, opening bank accounts, and hiring employees.

This article will explore the complete guide to obtaining an EIN in Alabama and the responsibilities and requirements associated with having an EIN.

Webinarcare Editorial Team will help you understand the process of obtaining an EIN. You must be guided by all the factors gathered in this article.

EIN Definition and Purpose

To form an LLC, an EIN is necessary for your business. An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a federal tax identification number used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to identify businesses in the United States. It is similar to a Social Security Number (SSN) for individuals but is specifically designed for businesses. The main purpose of an EIN is to help the IRS track and administer taxes for companies.

In Alabama, businesses are required to have an EIN if they meet any of the following criteria:

  • Have employees
  • Operate as a Partnership or Corporation in Alabama
  • File tax returns for employment, excise, or Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) taxes
  • Withhold taxes on income, other than wages, paid to a non-resident alien
  • Have a Keogh plan (a tax-deferred pension plan for self-employed individuals or unincorporated businesses)
  • Are involved with trusts, estates, real estate mortgage investment conduits, non-profit organizations, farmers’ cooperatives, or plan administrators

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How to Obtain an EIN in Alabama

Obtaining an EIN in Alabama is a straightforward process; several methods are available to apply for one. However, if you want to be at ease with the process you can hire an LLC Services in Alabama, with add-ons of obtaining an EIN.

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Online Application Process

The easiest and fastest way to obtain an EIN is by applying online through the IRS website. The online application is available for businesses in Alabama and the rest of the United States.


To apply for an EIN online, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the IRS EIN Assistant webpage.
  2. Click “Apply Online Now” and follow the prompts to complete the application.
  3. Provide the necessary information, such as your legal name, trade name (if applicable), business address, and the responsible party’s Social Security Number or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number.
  4. Select the appropriate legal structure for your business (e.g., sole proprietorship, general partnership, corporation, etc.).
  5. Provide additional information as required, such as the number of employees, the reason for applying, and the primary business activity.
  6. Review and submit your application.

Upon successful completion of the application, you will receive your EIN immediately. Save or print a copy of the confirmation notice for your records.

Other Application Methods

If you prefer not to apply online or are unable to access the online application, you can also obtain an EIN through the following methods:

  • Fax: Complete Form SS-4 (Application for Employer Identification Number) and fax it to the appropriate fax number listed on the IRS website. You should receive your EIN within four business days.
  • Mail: Complete Form SS-4 and mail it to the appropriate address on the IRS website. The processing time for mailed applications is approximately four weeks.
  • Telephone: International applicants can apply for an EIN by calling the IRS at 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday.

After you have your EIN number, you can benefit in several ways. It will give your Alabama LLC the final advantage necessary to operate fully without legal or judicial issues.

If you have a Resident Agent, he can file an EIN for your business. Also, if you are planning to file for an LLC in Alabama, your Resident Agent should file for the Certificate of Formation in Alabama.

Uses of EIN in Alabama

An EIN must run a business in Alabama. Some of the primary uses for an EIN include:

Opening a Business Bank Account

Banks typically require an EIN to open a business bank account, which is essential for separating your personal and business finances. With a business bank account, you can accept payments, deposit funds, and manage your company’s finances more efficiently.

If you are planning a bank for your Alabama business, you can check out the Best Banks in Alabama, which offer the best combination of fees, services, and convenience for your business needs.

Filing State and Federal Taxes

Businesses in Alabama must file taxes with both the state and federal governments, and an EIN is necessary to report and pay these taxes. Your EIN is used on various tax forms, such as income tax returns, employment tax returns, and excise tax returns which you can pay in Alabama Department of Revenue.

Payroll and Employee Tax Reporting

If your business has employees, you will need an EIN to report wages and other compensation paid to your workers. Additionally, an EIN is required for withholding and remitting federal income and payroll taxes on your employees’ behalf.

If you hire an employee for your business, you must request that your employees complete the following forms:

  • Employment Eligibility Form
  • Federal Tax Withholding Form
  • W-4 Form
  • Workers Compensation Claim Form
  • Disability Self-Identification Form
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Form

Applying for Business Licenses and Permits

An EIN is often required when applying for business licenses and permits in Alabama. These licenses and permits may be necessary for various aspects of your business operations, such as zoning approval, health permits, or sales tax registration.

In Alabama, business license fee costs around the range of $50 – $300. You can check out Alabama Business Licenses to learn more about licenses and permits.

Establishing Credit and Securing Loans

An EIN can help your business establish credit, as it serves as an identifier for your company in the eyes of financial institutions. Additionally, lenders may require an EIN when applying for business loans or lines of credit.

Responsibilities and Requirements for EIN Holders in Alabama

As an EIN holder in Alabama, you are responsible for several tasks related to maintaining and managing your EIN. Some of these responsibilities and requirements include:

Updating the IRS on Changes to Business Information

If your business undergoes significant changes, such as a change in address, legal structure, or a responsible party, you must inform the IRS by filing the appropriate forms. This ensures the IRS has accurate and up-to-date information about your business and can properly administer taxes.

update my information

You can go to the Update My Information website of the Internal Revenue Service.

Required Tax Filings and Payments

With an EIN, your business is responsible for filing various tax returns and making tax payments to federal and state governments. Be informed about the specific tax obligations for your business type and industry in Alabama.

To keep your business in good standing in Alabama, you must file an Annual Report with the Alabama Secretary of State. The annual report provides updated information about your LLC, such as changes in address, members, or Resident Agent.

Record-Keeping Requirements

Proper record-keeping is essential for businesses with an EIN, as it helps ensure accurate tax reporting and compliance with laws and regulations. Maintain records of your company’s income, expenses, and other financial transactions to facilitate accurate tax filing and minimize potential issues with the IRS.

Establish a reliable accounting system to track income, expenses, and tax obligations. You can manage your finances using spreadsheets, accounting software, or hiring a professional accountant.

Closing an EIN Account

Suppose your business ceases operations or no longer requires an EIN. In that case, you must notify the IRS by submitting a letter containing your complete legal name, EIN, business address, and the reason for closing the account. This allows the IRS to update its records and prevent future tax-related issues.

cancel EIN

If you have a copy of the EIN Assignment Notice that was issued when your EIN was assigned, include that when you write it to the IRS with the below mailing address:

  • Internal Revenue Service MS 6055 Kansas City, MO 64108
  • Internal Revenue Service MS 6273 Ogden, UT 84201

Or, you can check out Canceling an EIN via the IRS for further information.

Common Issues and Solutions for EIN in Alabama

Business owners in Alabama may encounter issues related to their EIN, such as losing or misplacing the number, incorrect information on the EIN application, or changes in business structure or ownership. Here are some solutions to common EIN-related problems:

  • Lost or Misplaced EIN: If you lose or misplace your EIN, you can contact the IRS by calling their Business & Specialty Tax Line at 1-800-829-4933. The IRS representative can provide you with your EIN after verifying your identity.
  • Incorrect Information on EIN Application: Suppose you discover an error on your EIN application, such as an incorrect business name or address. In that case, you can correct the information by submitting a letter to the IRS detailing the changes. Be sure to include your EIN, the incorrect information, and the correct information in your letter.
  • Change in Business Structure or Ownership: If your business undergoes a significant legal structure or ownership change, you may need to obtain a new EIN. Consult the IRS guidelines to determine if a new EIN is necessary.
  • Dealing with Identity Theft or Fraud: If you suspect your EIN has been compromised or used fraudulently, immediately report the issue to the IRS. The IRS can guide you through the steps to secure your EIN and protect your business from potential tax-related issues.

State-Specific EIN Information and Resources

To further assist businesses in Alabama, here are some state-specific resources and information related to EINs and taxation:

  • State Tax Agency Information: The Alabama state tax agency can provide information on state tax requirements, forms, and filing deadlines. Be sure to familiarize yourself with the state tax obligations for your business type and industry.
  • Business Registration Requirements: In addition to obtaining an EIN, businesses in Alabama must also register with the appropriate state agencies. This may include registering your business name, obtaining necessary licenses and permits, and registering for state taxes.
  • Employer Tax Obligations and Filings: Employers in Alabama must comply with various state tax obligations, such as withholding state income tax from employee wages and reporting these withholdings to Alabama Department of Revenue. Research your business’s specific employer tax requirements in Alabama.
  • Local Resources and Assistance for Businesses in Alabama: Many local organizations and government agencies in Alabama offer resources and assistance for small business owners. These resources may include business counseling, training, and financial assistance programs.

Do I Need to Apply for an EIN If I Also Have Business In Other States?

Yes, if you are operating a business with employees, have a corporation or partnership, or are required to file employment, excise, or alcohol, tobacco, and firearms tax returns, you will need an EIN (Employer Identification Number). If your business operates in multiple states, you only need one EIN for federal tax purposes. However, you may need to register for state-specific tax identification numbers in each state where you conduct business. Check with the Alabama Department of Revenue to determine their requirements.


What is an EIN?
An EIN is a unique nine-digit number assigned to businesses for tax filing and reporting purposes.
Do I need an EIN in Alabama?
Yes, if you operate a business in Alabama that hires employees or meets certain IRS tax reporting requirements, you will need an EIN.
How do I apply for an EIN in Alabama?
You can apply for an EIN online through the IRS website, or by fax, mail, or telephone.
How long does it take to receive an EIN in Alabama?
If you apply for an EIN online, you will receive your number immediately. Other application methods may take up to four weeks.
Is there a fee to obtain an EIN in Alabama?
There is no fee to apply for an EIN.
Is an EIN the same as a state tax ID number in Alabama?
No, an EIN is a federal tax ID number, while a state tax ID number is issued by the Alabama Department of Revenue.
Do sole proprietors need an EIN in Alabama?
Sole proprietors are not required to have an EIN in Alabama, but they may choose to apply for one.
Are there any restrictions on who can apply for an EIN in Alabama?
Any business entity, including corporations, partnerships, sole proprietors, and LLCs can apply for an EIN in Alabama.
Can I apply for an EIN in Alabama if I am not a resident of the state?
Yes, you can apply for an EIN in Alabama regardless of your state of residence.
Can I use the same EIN for multiple businesses in Alabama?
No, each business entity is required to have its own unique EIN.
When should I apply for an EIN in Alabama?
You should apply for an EIN as soon as you plan to hire employees, open a bank account, or file taxes for your business.
What information do I need to provide when applying for an EIN in Alabama?
You will need to provide basic information about your business, including its name, address, and type of entity.
What are the consequences of not having an EIN in Alabama?
Failing to obtain an EIN can result in penalties, fines, and other legal consequences.
Can I change my EIN in Alabama once it has been assigned?
Generally, you cannot change your EIN in Alabama once it has been assigned. However, certain circumstances may allow for a name or structure change.
Can I cancel my EIN in Alabama if I close my business?
Yes, you can cancel your EIN by submitting a written request to the IRS.
Do I need to renew my EIN in Alabama?
No, EINs do not expire and do not need to be renewed.
Can I get my EIN over the phone in Alabama?
Yes, you can apply for an EIN over the phone by calling the IRS Business & Specialty Tax Line.
Can I apply for an EIN for my nonprofit corporation in Alabama?
Yes, nonprofit organizations need an EIN to operate in Alabama, just like for-profit businesses do.
Can I get an EIN for my LLC in Alabama?
Yes, LLCs are required to have an EIN in Alabama.
Can I apply for an EIN for my trust in Alabama?
Yes, trusts need an EIN to file taxes in Alabama.
Can I apply for an EIN for my estate in Alabama?
Yes, estates that earn income need an EIN to file taxes in Alabama.
Is an EIN necessary for a sole proprietor with no employees in Alabama?
While not required, a sole proprietor may choose to obtain an EIN to use instead of a social security number for business-related transactions.
Can I get an EIN for my partnership in Alabama?
Yes, partnerships, including general partnerships and limited liability partnerships (LLPs) are required to have an EIN in Alabama.
Can I get my EIN in person in Alabama?
No, EINs are not issued in person in Alabama.
Can I check the status of my EIN application in Alabama?
Yes, you can check the status of your application using the IRS EIN Assistant.
Can I use my EIN in other states besides Alabama?
Yes, your EIN is a federal identifier, so it can be used to conduct business in any state.
Do I need an EIN if I’m a freelancer in Alabama?
Freelancers are not required to have an EIN unless they hire employees or are taxed as a business entity like an LLC.
Do I need an EIN if I’m a sole proprietor of an online business in Alabama?
As a sole proprietor, you are not required to have an EIN unless you meet certain conditions such as hiring employees or filing certain tax returns.
Is an EIN different from a sales tax number in Alabama?
Yes, an EIN is a federal tax ID number, while a sales tax number is issued by the Alabama Department of Revenue primarily for collecting and remitting sales tax.
Can I get an EIN for my church in Alabama?
Yes, churches and other religious organizations are eligible to apply for an EIN in Alabama.

Also Read

How to Save Money While Getting Ein for Alabama LLC

One of the first ways to save money when forming an Alabama LLC is to handle the paperwork yourself. While hiring a lawyer or online service can make the process easier, it can also significantly increase the costs. By researching the necessary forms and requirements for forming an Alabama LLC, you can save hundreds of dollars in legal fees.

Another way to save money on your Alabama LLC is to carefully consider your business name. If the name you have in mind is already in use, you may need to come up with a new name or pay extra fees for a fictitious name. By conducting a thorough search of business names in Alabama before registering your LLC, you can avoid these additional costs.

When registering your Alabama LLC, you may also have the option to expedite the process for an additional fee. While expediting can be beneficial for those looking to start their business quickly, it may not be necessary for everyone. By planning ahead and giving yourself enough time to complete the registration process, you can save money on unnecessary fees.

Additionally, many new LLC owners may feel pressured to purchase expensive business services or add-ons when registering their LLC. While these services can be helpful, they are not always necessary for every business. By carefully considering which services you actually need for your Alabama LLC, you can save money on unnecessary expenses.

Once your Alabama LLC is up and running, it is important to continue finding ways to save money. One way to do this is by carefully managing your business expenses. By tracking your income and expenses, you can identify areas where you may be overspending and make adjustments to save money.

Another way to save money with your Alabama LLC is to take advantage of tax deductions. As a business owner, you may be eligible for deductions on expenses such as office supplies, travel expenses, and home office expenses. By keeping detailed records of your expenses and consulting with a tax professional, you can maximize your deductions and save money come tax time.

In conclusion, starting and maintaining an Alabama LLC does not have to break the bank. By taking a proactive approach to managing your costs and carefully considering your expenses, you can save money while still creating a successful business. With a bit of research and planning, you can create an Alabama LLC that is both cost-effective and profitable.


Understanding the importance and uses of an EIN in Alabama is crucial for the successful operation of your business. By obtaining and maintaining your EIN, you can ensure compliance with federal and state tax laws, establish a strong financial foundation for your company, and access various resources and opportunities for growth. Be sure to utilize the available resources and support for businesses in Alabama to maximize your chances of success.

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