Starting a Corporation in Connecticut | What You Need to Know


Steve Bennett
Steve Bennett
Business Formation Expert
Hi there, I'm Steve. My mission is to empower the next generation of online entrepreneurs with the knowledge and tools they need to succeed. My business insights are based on real-world experience, ensuring that aspiring entrepreneurs can confidently start and run their own businesses.

All Posts by Steve Bennett →
Business Formation Expert  |   Fact Checked by Editorial Staff
Last updated: 
WebinarCare offers informative content for educational purposes only, not as a substitute for professional legal or tax advice. We may earn commissions if you use the services we recommend on this site.
WebinarCare is led by Steve Bennett, a seasoned expert in the business world. He's gathered a team that's passionate about giving you reliable advice on everything from starting a business to picking the right tools. We base our tips and guides on real-life experience, ensuring you get straightforward and proven advice. Our goal is to make your business journey smoother and more successful. When you choose WebinarCare, you're choosing a trustworthy guide for all things business.
Start a Corporation in Connecticut

In Connecticut, starting a corporation can benefit entrepreneurs looking to establish a separate legal entity for their business. Incorporating your business provides liability protection for its owners and offers potential tax benefits and a professional image. This comprehensive guide will walk you through Starting a Corporation in Connecticut, from choosing a corporate name to fulfilling ongoing compliance requirements. Some people consider starting a corporation since it has advantages and benefits rather than Starting an LLC in Connecticut.

Webinarcare Editorial Team will help you gain knowledge in starting a corporation with thorough research and market study. It would be best to cross-check all the factors in this article before forming a corporation.

What is a Corporation in Connecticut?

A corporation in Connecticut is a business organization recognized as a separate legal entity from its owners, also known as shareholders. When a corporation is formed, shareholders invest capital by purchasing shares of stock and, in return, become partial company owners. The corporation is managed by a board of directors elected by the shareholders to oversee the company’s operations and make important decisions. Corporations in Connecticut are required to have at least Three directors. One of the main advantages of a corporation in Connecticut is that it provides limited liability protection to its shareholders, meaning their assets are not at risk if the corporation incurs debt or is legally sued.

Recommended: Online Corporation Formation services offer lifetime customer support, 100% correctness, and the ability to fill out and submit all these forms on your behalf in a lot less time. We recommend using –

LegalZoom ($149 + State Fees) Online Corporation Setup

Common Types of Corporations

Before you start with a corporation, you should know what type of corporation you will form. There are several different forms of corporations you can take into consideration, depending on your corporation’s objectives and ownership structure.

C-Corporation

C-Corporation is the most known type of incorporation. They have almost all corporate distinguishing characteristics. Profits are distributed to corporate owners who are taxed at an individual level. The corporation is taxed similarly to a business unit.

S-Corporation

S-Corporation in Connecticut is set up similarly to a C-corporation but has different tax implications and owner limits. An S-Corporation has no more than 100 stockholders and is not taxed separately. These business units must also file paperwork with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to obtain their status.

Nonprofit Corporation

Religious, educational, and charity institutions frequently use nonprofit businesses to run their operations without making a profit. Thus, a nonprofit corporation is exempt from paying taxes. The nonprofit organization’s gifts, contributions, or cash are reinvested in the company to fund its growth, future endeavors, or operations.

It is recommended to Start a Corporation in Connecticut if you would like to provide limited liability protection to your shareholders rather than Connecticut LLC. However, you may want to consult to LegalZoom’s Business Attorney before starting a business.

WEBINARCARE EDITORIAL TEAM

How to Start a Corporation in Connecticut

To start a corporation in Connecticut, you must follow the below steps that, include choosing a corporate name, hiring a Resident Agent, appointing directors, filing for Certificate of Incorporation, creating corporate bylaws, holding the initial board of directors, issuing stock, obtaining required licenses and permits, registering with state tax agencies, and annual reporting and ongoing compliance. All these steps are basic ones. It can be changed depending on the type of corporation you form and the nature of your business.

Step 1: Choosing a Corporate Name

The first step in starting a corporation is choosing an available name that complies with Connecticut naming rules. Most states require that the name of a corporation be distinguishable from other registered business names and include a corporate designator such as “Corporation,” “Incorporated,” “Company,” or an abbreviation thereof.

Here are some guidelines you must follow while naming your corporation in Connecticut-

  • Your business name must contain entity identifiers, such as “Incorporated,” “Limited,” “Corporation,” or “Company,” or an abbreviation, such as “Inc.,” “Co.,” or “Ltd.”
  • Exclude any words in your business name, such as “Trust,” “Bank,” “Credit Union,” or “Trustee,” or words related to a government agency, such as “FBI,” “State Department,” or “Treasury.”

To check the availability of your desired corporate name, you can search the Connecticut Secretary of State‘s business name database and Business Name Search in Connecticut. If the name is available, you may choose to reserve it for a specific period of 120 days by filing a name reservation application and paying the online name reservation fee of $60 and mail name reservation fee of $60. If your corporation plans to operate under a name other than its legal name, you may also need to register a fictitious or “doing business as” (DBA) name.

The DBA filing can be done by one method, by mail, which costs around $10. In addition, the DBA’s validity in Connecticut is Indefinite, which you can file in Connecticut Secretary of State.

You can check out How to File a DBA in Connecticut for clearer understanding.

Step 2: Hire a Resident Agent

Hiring a Resident Agent is essential in starting a corporation. Resident Agent is a person or company responsible for receiving important legal documents, tax notices, and other correspondence on behalf of your corporation. They ensure that your corporation remains compliant with state regulations and requirements. There are Connecticut Resident Agent Services to check in forming Connecticut Corporation. We reviewed some of the best-registered agent services and provided features as an add-on with their packages.

LLC Service

Rating & Pricing

Top Features

Learn More

#1 Recommendation

$299 Per Year

  • Free LLC Formation

  • RA service in all states

  • Legal consultation

$125 Per Year

  • Flat price for RA service

  • LLC formation package

  • Fast service

Step 3: Appointing Directors

Corporations in Connecticut are required to have at least Three directors, though some states may require more. Directors are responsible for overseeing the corporation’s management and making major decisions on behalf of the company. In Connecticut, directors must be at least 18 years old and do not need to be state residents.

When appointing directors, it is essential to consider individuals who are knowledgeable, trustworthy, and capable of making sound business decisions. Maintaining a record of appointed directors, including their names, addresses, and terms of service, is also a good idea.

Step 4: Preparing and Filing Certificate of Incorporation

After you appoint the initial board of directors in your Connecticut corporation, the next step is to write and file a Certificate of Incorporation. In writing, the Connecticut Certificate of Incorporation, the corporation name, principal place of business, the purpose of business, Resident Agent contact information, and the names and addresses of incorporators and initial board members, should be written.

To officially form your Connecticut corporation, you must prepare and file Certificate of Incorporation with the Connecticut Secretary of State. The Certificate of Incorporation is a legal document that outlines essential information about your corporation, such as its name, address, purpose, and details about its stock.

The specific requirements for Certificate of Incorporation vary by state, but generally, the document must include the following:

  • The corporate name
  • The purpose of the corporation
  • The name and address of the registered agent
  • The names and addresses of the initial directors
  • The number of authorized shares and their par value
  • The name and address of the incorporator(s)

Once the Certificate of Incorporation are complete, please submit them to the Connecticut Secretary of State’s office, along with the required filing fee. Fees vary by state, but in Connecticut, the Certificate of Incorporation filing fee costs around $250 for filing online, in-person and by mail. It is crucial to provide accurate and complete information on this document, as errors or omissions may result in delays or rejection of your filing.

  • Online Filing: Get the online form from Secretary of State, fill it up, and submit. Don’t refresh the page during the process. It will erase everything.
  • Offline filing: Send the form by mail to Business Service Division, Connecticut Secretary of the State, P.O. Box 150470, Hartford, CT 06115. Or drop it off in person to Business Services Division, Connecticut Secretary of the State, 165 Capitol Ave., Suite 1000, Hartford, CT 06106.

Step 5: Creating Corporate Bylaws

Now you are done filing Certificate of Incorporation in Connecticut, the next step is to draft corporate bylaws. While not always required by law, creating corporate bylaws is essential in establishing Connecticut corporation. Bylaws are the internal rules and regulations that govern the corporation’s operations and management. They outline the rights and responsibilities of directors, officers, and shareholders and provide guidelines for holding meetings and making decisions.

Key provisions to include in your corporate bylaws may include:

  • The corporation’s purpose and principal place of business
  • The roles and responsibilities of directors, officers, and shareholders
  • The process for appointing and removing directors and officers
  • The procedures for holding annual and special meetings
  • The methods for amending the bylaws and Articles of Incorporation
  • The procedures for issuing stock and maintaining shareholder records

Once the bylaws are drafted, they must be adopted by the corporation’s board of directors. Keeping a copy of the bylaws with your corporate records and updating them to reflect changes in the corporation or applicable laws is essential.

Step 6: Holding the Initial Board of Directors Meeting

The initial board of directors meeting is a crucial milestone for your Connecticut corporation. During this meeting, the directors will adopt the corporate bylaws, elect officers, and make other key decisions to set the foundation for the corporation’s operations.

The agenda for the initial board meeting may include the following:

  • Adopting the corporate bylaws
  • Ratifying any pre-incorporation actions taken by the incorporator(s)
  • Electing corporate officers (e.g., president, vice president, secretary, treasurer)
  • Designating a corporate bank account
  • Authorizing the issuance of stock
  • Approving necessary licenses, permits, and tax registrations

It is essential to keep detailed minutes of the initial board meeting, documenting the decisions made and actions taken. These minutes should be stored with your corporate records.

Step 7: Issuing Stock

Corporations in Connecticut are required to issue stock to their owners, also known as shareholders. When preparing to issue stock, you must determine the number of authorized shares and their par value, as outlined in your Certificate of Incorporation. You may choose to issue different classes of stock, each with its rights and privileges, such as voting rights and dividend preferences.

The process for issuing stock typically involves the board of directors approving a stock issuance resolution, determining the price per share, and recording the issuance in the corporation’s stock ledger. Maintaining accurate and up-to-date records of all stock transactions, including transfers and cancellations, is crucial to ensure proper ownership tracking and compliance with securities laws.

Step 8: Obtaining Required Licenses and Permits

Depending on the nature of your corporation’s activities and location, you may need to obtain various licenses and permits to operate legally. These may include federal, state, and local requirements, such as:

  • A Federal Employer Identification Number (EIN) for tax reporting and employee withholding purposes.
  • State sales and use tax registration, if your corporation sells taxable goods or services
  • Professional or occupational licenses for specific industries (e.g., healthcare, construction, food service)
  • Connecticut Business Licenses, zoning permits, and health department approvals

Researching and obtaining all required Connecticut licenses and permits before commencing operations and maintaining compliance with any ongoing renewal or reporting requirements is essential.

Step 10: Registering with State Tax Agencies

In addition to obtaining licenses and permits, your Connecticut corporation may also need to register with various tax agencies. This may include registering for sales and use tax, obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN) in Connecticut for payroll tax purposes, and filing state income tax and franchise tax returns.

An EIN will serve as the tax ID for your Connecticut corporation. EIN can be obtained from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It is a 9-digit number similar to Social Security Number. EIN, however, is distinct from SSN. It is only used for business-related activities, particularly for submitting general taxes. The form must be completed and uploaded to the IRS website.

The application of an EIN in Connecticut can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- The online EIN application is the preferred method for customers to apply for and obtain an EIN.
  • Apply by Fax- Taxpayers can fax the completed Form SS-4 application to the appropriate fax number), after ensuring that Form SS-4 contains all of the required information.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is four weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone-International Applicants – International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

Each state has tax requirements, so consult a tax professional or Connecticut Department of Revenue Services for guidance on your specific obligations.

Step 11: Annual Reporting and Ongoing Compliance

Once your Connecticut corporation is up and running, you must fulfill ongoing reporting and compliance requirements to maintain good standing. This may include filing Annual Report with the Connecticut Secretary of State, updating your corporate records to reflect changes in directors or officers, and staying current on any required licenses or permits.

In addition, it is essential to stay informed about changes in corporate laws and regulations that may impact your business and to seek professional advice when needed.

Paying Your Taxes in Connecticut

Even if you have established your corporation in Connecticut, pay your taxes and keep everything up to date so you won’t pay any penalty. Unlike an LLC, there is a corporate tax that every corporation in Connecticut has to pay. On the other hand, they must pay income taxes based on their business income. Some other types of taxes in Connecticut are sales tax, franchise tax (not applicable to all the states), and other state taxes.

Cost of Forming a Corporation in Connecticut

In forming a corporation in Connecticut, a filing and Annual fee must be paid. Without it, your corporation won’t operate. A corporation’s initial filing fee may vary from state to state. However, in Connecticut, it costs $250 for filing online, in-person and by mail. The corporation in Connecticut also has to file an Annual Report (though it might not be mandatory, it is recommended to file one). Ensure you comply with all the necessary fees and costs so your corporation will run successfully and smoothly.

FAQs

How do I start a corporation in Connecticut?
You can start a corporation in Connecticut by filing the Articles of Incorporation with the secretary of state.
What is required to form a corporation in Connecticut?
To form a corporation in Connecticut, you must file the Articles of Incorporation, have a registered agent in the state, and pay the filing fee.
How much does it cost to start a corporation in Connecticut?
It costs $250 to file the Articles of Incorporation to start a corporation in Connecticut.
How long does it take to form a corporation in Connecticut?
It takes about 1-2 weeks to form a corporation in Connecticut once the Articles of Incorporation are filed.
What is a registered agent, and do I need one in Connecticut?
A registered agent is a person or company that accepts legal documents on behalf of a corporation. Yes, a registered agent is required in Connecticut.
Can I be my own registered agent in Connecticut?
Yes, but the registered agent must have a physical address in Connecticut.
What information is required on the Articles of Incorporation in Connecticut?
The Articles of Incorporation must include the name and address of the corporation, the registered agent’s information, and the authorized number of shares.
Can I reserve a corporation name in Connecticut?
Yes, you can reserve a corporation name for up to 120 days in Connecticut.
What is the minimum number of directors required for a corporation in Connecticut?
A corporation in Connecticut must have a minimum of one director.
Does the Connecticut corporation need to have bylaws?
Yes, the Connecticut corporation must have bylaws.
Can I file the Articles of Incorporation online in Connecticut?
Yes, you can file the Articles of Incorporation online in Connecticut.
Do I have to file a separate tax ID application for Connecticut?
No, you do not need to file a separate tax ID application for Connecticut, as it is included in the federal EIN application.
How do I obtain an EIN for my corporation in Connecticut?
You can obtain an EIN by filing an application with the IRS either online, by phone, by mail, or by fax.
What taxes does a Connecticut corporation need to pay?
Connecticut corporations need to pay both corporate income tax and annual report taxes.
How often does a Connecticut corporation need to file an annual report?
A Connecticut corporation needs to file an annual report once a year.
What is the cost of filing an annual report in Connecticut?
The cost of filing an annual report in Connecticut varies depending on the corporation’s stock structure.
Can a Connecticut corporation have a different fiscal year end date from December 31st?
Yes, a Connecticut corporation can choose a different fiscal year end date.
Are there any special startup grants or incentives available for corporations in Connecticut?
Yes, Connecticut offers a variety of startup grants, loans, and other incentives for corporations, which you can research with the Department of Economic and Community Development.
How can I find the right business insurance for my Connecticut corporation?
You can find the right business insurance for your Connecticut corporation by consulting with various insurance agents to determine the best fit for your business needs.
Is worker’s compensation insurance required for Connecticut corporations?
Yes, Connecticut corporations are required to have workers’ compensation insurance.
What is the annual franchise tax for Connecticut corporations?
There is no annual franchise tax for Connecticut corporations.
How often do Connecticut corporations need to hold shareholder and board of director meetings?
Connecticut corporations must hold at least one shareholder meeting per year and one board of director meeting per quarter.
Can I change the corporation’s name after filing the Articles of Incorporation in Connecticut?
Yes, you can change the corporation’s name after filing the Articles of Incorporation by filing a Name Change Amendment.
Is the corporate veil protection strong for Connecticut corporations?
Yes, the corporate veil protection is strong for Connecticut corporations, as long as the proper records and procedures are followed.
How long is the incorporation valid in Connecticut?
The incorporation is valid in Connecticut until the corporation is dissolved.
Can a Connecticut corporation dissolve voluntarily?
Yes, a Connecticut corporation can dissolve voluntarily by submitting a certificate of dissolution.
Are there any professional service fees involved in starting a corporation in Connecticut?
It is recommended to hire professional legal and accounting services, which can involve additional fees.
Is there a language requirement for Connecticut corporations?
No, there is no language requirement for Connecticut corporations.
What types of corporations can I start in Connecticut?
Connecticut allows for the formation of various corporation types including C Corporations, S Corporations, and close corporations.
Can I register a corporation in Connecticut with just one person?
Yes, Connecticut allows for one-person corporations, known as “single-member LLCs.”
What are the initial filing requirements for starting a corporation in Connecticut?
The initial filing requirements for starting a corporation in Connecticut include submitting Articles of Incorporation to the Connecticut Secretary of State.
What is the fee for filing Articles of Incorporation in Connecticut?
The fee for filing Articles of Incorporation in Connecticut is $250.
Is a Registered Agent required to start a corporation in Connecticut?
Yes, all corporations formed in Connecticut must appoint a Registered Agent.
Can I be my own Registered Agent in Connecticut?
Yes, you can be your own Registered Agent in Connecticut if you have a physical address in the state.
What are the compliance requirements for a Connecticut corporation after formation?
Connecticut corporations must file an annual report and pay an annual franchise tax if their authorized shares exceed 20,000.
How can I reserve a corporation name in Connecticut?
You can reserve a corporation name in Connecticut by filing a Name Reservation Application with the Connecticut Secretary of State.
What is the fee for reserving a corporation name in Connecticut?
The fee for reserving a corporation name in Connecticut is $60.
How long does a name reservation last in Connecticut?
A name reservation in Connecticut lasts for 120 days.
Do I need to obtain a Connecticut Tax Registration Number for my corporation?
Yes, all corporations formed in Connecticut must obtain a Tax Registration Number with the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services.
Are there any special requirements for raising capital in Connecticut?
Connecticut has enacted crowdfunding laws to facilitate a limited amount of fundraising for Connecticut-based companies through the use of the Internet.
Can a C Corporation become an S Corporation in Connecticut?
A C Corporation can convert to an S Corporation in Connecticut by filing Form CT-1120SI with the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services.
How many Directors are required to start a corporation in Connecticut?
Connecticut requires corporations to appoint a minimum of one director.
Is there a residency requirement for Directors in Connecticut?
There is no residency requirement for Directors in Connecticut.
What is the sales tax rate in Connecticut?
Connecticut’s sales tax rate is 6.35%, with an additional tax on meals and transient lodging of 1%.
Is a business license required in Connecticut?
Business licenses are not required on the state level in Connecticut, but cities and towns may require them for certain industries or an occupational license.
What is the minimum wage in Connecticut?
Connecticut’s minimum wage is $13 per hour as of August 2020.
Can I operate a corporation from my own home in Connecticut?
Connecticut has no restrictions on creating, operating, or running a corporation from your home.
Do I need to file an annual report in Connecticut?
Yes, all corporations formed in Connecticut must file an Annual Report.
What is the fee for filing an annual report in Connecticut?
The fee for filing an annual report in Connecticut is $150.
What is the deadline for filing an annual report in Connecticut?
Annual report filings in Connecticut are due between January 1st and April 1st.
What taxes are corporations subject to in Connecticut?
Corporations formed in Connecticut are subject to Connecticut’s Corporate Income Tax, which has a rate of 7.5%.
Can I file Articles of Incorporation online in Connecticut?
Yes, you can file Articles of Incorporation online through the Connecticut Secretary of State’s website.
Does Connecticut recognize Series LLCs?
Yes, Connecticut recognizes Series LLCs, which are unique in that they allow for the creation of multiple “series” or cells, each with its own assets, liability protection, and business purpose.
Can I start a non-profit corporation in Connecticut?
Yes, you can start a non-profit corporation in Connecticut by filing a Form-1023-Exempt Organizations Application with the federal government and by satisfying Connecticut non-profit laws.

Also Read

How to Save Money While Forming Your Connecticut Corporation

One of the first ways to save money is to do your research. Before diving into the incorporation process, take the time to compare different service providers and their prices. Look for packages that offer the services you need at a lower cost. Additionally, consider using online resources and tools to guide you through the process rather than hiring an expensive attorney or service provider.

Another key way to save money is to choose the right business structure for your needs. While forming a corporation may seem like the logical choice for many entrepreneurs, there are other options such as forming a limited liability company (LLC) that may better suit your business goals and save you money in the long run. LLCs generally require less paperwork and have fewer ongoing requirements, ultimately cutting down on expenses.

Furthermore, it’s important to be mindful of additional fees and costs associated with forming a corporation in Connecticut. In addition to the filing fee, there may be costs for obtaining necessary permits, licenses, or tax identification numbers. By being proactive and researching these requirements ahead of time, you can potentially avoid unnecessary expenses down the line.

Another way to save money while forming your Connecticut corporation is by being strategic with your timing. Consider forming your business at the beginning of the year to take advantage of any available tax deductions. Additionally, consider the financial implications of establishing your corporation at different stages of your business’s growth. It may be more cost-effective to start as a sole proprietorship or partnership initially before transitioning to a corporation once your revenue increases.

Lastly, don’t overlook the importance of maintaining good financial records and compliance with state regulations. By staying organized and up to date on your responsibilities, you can avoid costly fines or penalties that may arise from noncompliance.

In conclusion, forming a corporation in Connecticut doesn’t have to break the bank. By taking a strategic approach, doing your research, and being mindful of costs, you can save money while establishing your business entity. Remember, every dollar saved is a dollar that can be reinvested back into your business’s growth and success.

Conclusion

Starting a corporation in Connecticut involves several critical steps, from choosing a corporate name to fulfilling ongoing compliance requirements. Following the steps outlined in this guide and seeking professional advice when needed, you can successfully establish your Connecticut corporation and enjoy the benefits of limited liability, potential tax savings, and a professional business image.

Leave a Comment