How to Obtain an EIN in Maine | A Comprehensive Guide

Obtain an EIN in Maine

In starting an LLC in Maine, it is crucial to understand the importance of an Employer Identification Number (EIN) and how it impacts your business operations. An EIN is a unique nine-digit number the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) assigns to businesses operating in the United States for identification purposes. This number is essential for running a business, such as filing taxes, opening bank accounts, and hiring employees.

This article will explore the complete guide to obtaining an EIN in Maine and the responsibilities and requirements associated with having an EIN.

Webinarcare Editorial Team will help you understand the process of obtaining an EIN. You must be guided by all the factors gathered in this article.

EIN Definition and Purpose

To form an LLC, an EIN is necessary for your business. An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a federal tax identification number used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to identify businesses in the United States. It is similar to a Social Security Number (SSN) for individuals but is specifically designed for businesses. The main purpose of an EIN is to help the IRS track and administer taxes for companies.

In Maine, businesses are required to have an EIN if they meet any of the following criteria:

  • Have employees
  • Operate as a Partnership or Corporation in Maine
  • File tax returns for employment, excise, or Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) taxes
  • Withhold taxes on income, other than wages, paid to a non-resident alien
  • Have a Keogh plan (a tax-deferred pension plan for self-employed individuals or unincorporated businesses)
  • Are involved with trusts, estates, real estate mortgage investment conduits, non-profit organizations, farmers’ cooperatives, or plan administrators

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How to Obtain an EIN in Maine

Obtaining an EIN in Maine is a straightforward process; several methods are available to apply for one. However, if you want to be at ease with the process you can hire an LLC Services in Maine, with add-ons of obtaining an EIN.

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Online Application Process

The easiest and fastest way to obtain an EIN is by applying online through the IRS website. The online application is available for businesses in Maine and the rest of the United States.


To apply for an EIN online, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the IRS EIN Assistant webpage.
  2. Click “Apply Online Now” and follow the prompts to complete the application.
  3. Provide the necessary information, such as your legal name, trade name (if applicable), business address, and the responsible party’s Social Security Number or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number.
  4. Select the appropriate legal structure for your business (e.g., sole proprietorship, general partnership, corporation, etc.).
  5. Provide additional information as required, such as the number of employees, the reason for applying, and the primary business activity.
  6. Review and submit your application.

Upon successful completion of the application, you will receive your EIN immediately. Save or print a copy of the confirmation notice for your records.

Other Application Methods

If you prefer not to apply online or are unable to access the online application, you can also obtain an EIN through the following methods:

  • Fax: Complete Form SS-4 (Application for Employer Identification Number) and fax it to the appropriate fax number listed on the IRS website. You should receive your EIN within four business days.
  • Mail: Complete Form SS-4 and mail it to the appropriate address on the IRS website. The processing time for mailed applications is approximately four weeks.
  • Telephone: International applicants can apply for an EIN by calling the IRS at 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday.

After you have your EIN number, you can benefit in several ways. It will give your Maine LLC the final advantage necessary to operate fully without legal or judicial issues.

If you have a Resident Agent, he can file an EIN for your business. Also, if you are planning to file for an LLC in Maine, your Resident Agent should file for the Certificate of Formation in Maine.

Uses of EIN in Maine

An EIN must run a business in Maine. Some of the primary uses for an EIN include:

Opening a Business Bank Account

Banks typically require an EIN to open a business bank account, which is essential for separating your personal and business finances. With a business bank account, you can accept payments, deposit funds, and manage your company’s finances more efficiently.

If you are planning a bank for your Maine business, you can check out the Best Banks in Maine, which offer the best combination of fees, services, and convenience for your business needs.

Filing State and Federal Taxes

Businesses in Maine must file taxes with both the state and federal governments, and an EIN is necessary to report and pay these taxes. Your EIN is used on various tax forms, such as income tax returns, employment tax returns, and excise tax returns which you can pay in Maine Revenue Services.

Payroll and Employee Tax Reporting

If your business has employees, you will need an EIN to report wages and other compensation paid to your workers. Additionally, an EIN is required for withholding and remitting federal income and payroll taxes on your employees’ behalf.

If you hire an employee for your business, you must request that your employees complete the following forms:

  • Employment Eligibility Form
  • Federal Tax Withholding Form
  • W-4 Form
  • Workers Compensation Claim Form
  • Disability Self-Identification Form
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Form

Applying for Business Licenses and Permits

An EIN is often required when applying for business licenses and permits in Maine. These licenses and permits may be necessary for various aspects of your business operations, such as zoning approval, health permits, or sales tax registration.

In Maine, business license fee costs around the range of $50 – $300. You can check out Maine Business Licenses to learn more about licenses and permits.

Establishing Credit and Securing Loans

An EIN can help your business establish credit, as it serves as an identifier for your company in the eyes of financial institutions. Additionally, lenders may require an EIN when applying for business loans or lines of credit.

Responsibilities and Requirements for EIN Holders in Maine

As an EIN holder in Maine, you are responsible for several tasks related to maintaining and managing your EIN. Some of these responsibilities and requirements include:

Updating the IRS on Changes to Business Information

If your business undergoes significant changes, such as a change in address, legal structure, or a responsible party, you must inform the IRS by filing the appropriate forms. This ensures the IRS has accurate and up-to-date information about your business and can properly administer taxes.

update my information

You can go to the Update My Information website of the Internal Revenue Service.

Required Tax Filings and Payments

With an EIN, your business is responsible for filing various tax returns and making tax payments to federal and state governments. Be informed about the specific tax obligations for your business type and industry in Maine.

To keep your business in good standing in Maine, you must file an Annual Report with the Maine Secretary of State. The annual report provides updated information about your LLC, such as changes in address, members, or Resident Agent.

Record-Keeping Requirements

Proper record-keeping is essential for businesses with an EIN, as it helps ensure accurate tax reporting and compliance with laws and regulations. Maintain records of your company’s income, expenses, and other financial transactions to facilitate accurate tax filing and minimize potential issues with the IRS.

Establish a reliable accounting system to track income, expenses, and tax obligations. You can manage your finances using spreadsheets, accounting software, or hiring a professional accountant.

Closing an EIN Account

Suppose your business ceases operations or no longer requires an EIN. In that case, you must notify the IRS by submitting a letter containing your complete legal name, EIN, business address, and the reason for closing the account. This allows the IRS to update its records and prevent future tax-related issues.

cancel EIN

If you have a copy of the EIN Assignment Notice that was issued when your EIN was assigned, include that when you write it to the IRS with the below mailing address:

  • Internal Revenue Service MS 6055 Kansas City, MO 64108
  • Internal Revenue Service MS 6273 Ogden, UT 84201

Or, you can check out Canceling an EIN via the IRS for further information.

Common Issues and Solutions for EIN in Maine

Business owners in Maine may encounter issues related to their EIN, such as losing or misplacing the number, incorrect information on the EIN application, or changes in business structure or ownership. Here are some solutions to common EIN-related problems:

  • Lost or Misplaced EIN: If you lose or misplace your EIN, you can contact the IRS by calling their Business & Specialty Tax Line at 1-800-829-4933. The IRS representative can provide you with your EIN after verifying your identity.
  • Incorrect Information on EIN Application: Suppose you discover an error on your EIN application, such as an incorrect business name or address. In that case, you can correct the information by submitting a letter to the IRS detailing the changes. Be sure to include your EIN, the incorrect information, and the correct information in your letter.
  • Change in Business Structure or Ownership: If your business undergoes a significant legal structure or ownership change, you may need to obtain a new EIN. Consult the IRS guidelines to determine if a new EIN is necessary.
  • Dealing with Identity Theft or Fraud: If you suspect your EIN has been compromised or used fraudulently, immediately report the issue to the IRS. The IRS can guide you through the steps to secure your EIN and protect your business from potential tax-related issues.

State-Specific EIN Information and Resources

To further assist businesses in Maine, here are some state-specific resources and information related to EINs and taxation:

  • State Tax Agency Information: The Maine state tax agency can provide information on state tax requirements, forms, and filing deadlines. Be sure to familiarize yourself with the state tax obligations for your business type and industry.
  • Business Registration Requirements: In addition to obtaining an EIN, businesses in Maine must also register with the appropriate state agencies. This may include registering your business name, obtaining necessary licenses and permits, and registering for state taxes.
  • Employer Tax Obligations and Filings: Employers in Maine must comply with various state tax obligations, such as withholding state income tax from employee wages and reporting these withholdings to Maine Revenue Services. Research your business’s specific employer tax requirements in Maine.
  • Local Resources and Assistance for Businesses in Maine: Many local organizations and government agencies in Maine offer resources and assistance for small business owners. These resources may include business counseling, training, and financial assistance programs.

Do I Need to Apply for an EIN If I Also Have Business In Other States?

Yes, if you are operating a business with employees, have a corporation or partnership, or are required to file employment, excise, or alcohol, tobacco, and firearms tax returns, you will need an EIN (Employer Identification Number). If your business operates in multiple states, you only need one EIN for federal tax purposes. However, you may need to register for state-specific tax identification numbers in each state where you conduct business. Check with the Maine Revenue Services to determine their requirements.


Who is eligible to apply for an EIN in Maine?
Any business entity or individual conducting business in Maine can apply for an EIN.
What is an EIN?
An EIN, also known as a Federal Tax Identification Number, is a unique nine-digit number assigned to businesses for tax purposes.
Where can I apply for an EIN in Maine?
You can apply online on the IRS website, or by mail or fax using a Form SS-4.
Is there a fee to apply for an EIN in Maine?
Applying for an EIN is free.
How long does it take to receive an EIN after filing my application in Maine?
If you apply online, you will receive your EIN immediately; if you apply by mail or fax, it takes around four weeks.
Can I use my social security number instead of an EIN in Maine?
Sole proprietors in Maine can use their social security number instead of an EIN.
How do I change the name or address associated with my EIN in Maine?
You can submit Form SS-4 to update this information.
Can I use an EIN for multiple businesses in Maine?
No, each business entity needs its own EIN.
Do I need an EIN as a single-member LLC operating in Maine?
Yes, you need an EIN as a single-member LLC operating in Maine.
Can I cancel my EIN if I no longer need it in Maine?
Yes, you can request your EIN be canceled by contacting the IRS.
Can I transfer my EIN to someone else in Maine?
No, EINs cannot be transferred.
Does obtaining an EIN in Maine mean I am registered to conduct business in the state?
No, you need to register your business with the state of Maine separately.
What is the penalty for not getting an EIN in Maine?
Businesses that fail to get an EIN can face penalties, fines, and legal issues.
How often do I need to renew or update my EIN in Maine?
EINs do not expire and do not need to be regularly updated or renewed.
Can I still apply for an EIN if I have delinquent taxes in Maine?
Yes, you can still apply, but you must settle any outstanding tax debts first.
Can a foreign business entity apply for an EIN in Maine?
Yes, as long as the business conducts business or has an office in Maine.
Can I apply for an EIN on behalf of someone else in Maine?
Yes, authorized third-party designees can apply for an EIN.
Can I apply for an EIN for a non-profit organization in Maine?
Yes, non-profit organizations can apply for EINs in Maine.
Do I need an EIN if I am a sole proprietor in Maine and use my own name for the business?
It is not required, but you may still want to obtain an EIN to keep personal and business finances separate.
Can I get an EIN if I recently moved to Maine and do not have a physical business address yet?
You can use a personal address or a registered agent address when applying for an EIN.
How are Maine sales taxes impacted by obtaining an EIN?
Obtaining an EIN does not affect Maine sales taxes.
What is needed to apply for an EIN in Maine as a nonresident alien?
Nonresident aliens must have both a tax ID number and a pre-established U.S. credit history to apply for an EIN.
Can I apply for an EIN for a trust established in Maine?
Yes, trusts can apply for EINs in Maine.
How long do I have to wait to reapply for an EIN if my application was rejected in Maine?
You can reapply immediately after rejection.
Can I check the status of my EIN application in Maine?
Yes, you can check the status online through the IRS website.
Do I need an EIN to apply for a business license in Maine?
Yes, an EIN is typically required when applying for business licenses in Maine.
How long do I have to wait after obtaining an EIN in Maine to file taxes?
You can file taxes as soon as you obtain your EIN.
Can I apply for an EIN as a farmer operating in Maine?
Yes, farmers operating in Maine can apply for an EIN.
Is an EIN required to operate a business in Maine?
Yes, if your business has employees or is structured as a partnership, LLC, or corporation, you are required to obtain an EIN.
How do I apply for an EIN in Maine?
You can apply for an EIN through the IRS website, by mail, fax, or by phone.
Can I still apply for an EIN by mail or fax in Maine?
Yes, although online applications have become more popular, you can still apply for an EIN by mail or fax in Maine.
How long does it take to receive an EIN in Maine?
Online applications are typically processed instantly, while mail or fax applications can take up to four weeks to be processed.
Is there a fee to obtain an EIN in Maine?
No, obtaining an EIN is free.
What information do I need to apply for an EIN in Maine?
You will need your business name, address, and structure, as well as the name and Social Security Number or ITIN of the responsible party.
Can someone else obtain an EIN for me in Maine?
No, the responsible party for the business must obtain the EIN themselves.
What if I do not have a Social Security Number or ITIN in Maine?
You cannot obtain an EIN without a Social Security Number or ITIN.
What if I need to change my business name or address after obtaining an EIN in Maine?
You can easily update your business name or address by completing Form SS-4 with the new information.
What if I lose my EIN confirmation letter in Maine?
You can request a new EIN confirmation letter by contacting the IRS EIN Customer Service.
Do I need a separate EIN for each business entity in Maine?
Yes, each unique business entity is required to have its own EIN.
Can I apply for an EIN for my non-profit organization in Maine?
Yes, non-profit organizations are also required to have an EIN for tax filing purposes.
Can I use my personal Social Security Number instead of obtaining an EIN for my business in Maine?
No, you are required to obtain an EIN for your business.
Can I use a PO Box for my business address when applying for an EIN in Maine?
No, a physical street address is required for the principle place of business.
What if I no longer have employees or am no longer in business in Maine?
You should notify the IRS of any changes to your business structure, but you may still be required to file final tax returns.
How long is an EIN active in Maine?
An EIN is generally valid as long as the business operates.
Can I cancel or close my EIN in Maine?
If your business is closed or no longer operating, you should request a closure of your EIN with the IRS EIN Customer Service.
What if I have questions about obtaining an EIN in Maine?
You can contact the IRS EIN Customer Service for assistance.
Do I need an EIN to file my state taxes in Maine?
Some Maine state taxes may require an EIN for registration and filing purposes.
Can I obtain an EIN for my sole proprietorship in Maine?
Only if you have employees or are subject to certain federal excise taxes, otherwise, you can use your Social Security Number for tax filing purposes.
Can I change the responsible party on my EIN in Maine?
Yes, you can update the responsible party information on an EIN by completing Form 8822-B.
Can I use my EIN for multiple businesses in Maine?
No, each business entity must have its own unique EIN.
Can I use my EIN for business banking in Maine?
Yes, you can use your EIN to open a business bank account.
Do I need to display my EIN on my business paperwork in Maine?
No, you are not required to display your EIN on business paperwork.
Is an EIN the same as a sales tax ID number in Maine?
No, an EIN and a sales tax ID number are two separate tax identification numbers.
Do I need an EIN for my home business in Maine?
If your home business has employees or is structured as a partnership, LLC, or corporation, you are required to obtain an EIN.
Can I use my EIN for state registration purposes in Maine?
Some Maine state registration forms will ask for an EIN, so it is recommended to obtain one for efficient filing purposes.
Can I obtain an EIN for my family trust in Maine?
Yes, trusts are also required to have an EIN for tax filing purposes.

Also Read

How to Save Money While Getting Ein for Maine LLC

One of the key steps in establishing an LLC is obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). An EIN is a unique nine-digit number that is used to identify a business entity for tax purposes. While obtaining an EIN is a necessary step for most businesses, there are a few ways you can save money during this process.

One way to save money while getting an EIN for your Maine LLC is to apply for the number online for free. The IRS offers an online application process that allows business owners to request an EIN electronically, saving time and money compared to applying by mail or fax. By using the online application, you can receive your EIN immediately after completing the form, eliminating the need for postage fees or long processing times.

Another way to save money on your EIN application is to avoid using a third-party service to obtain your EIN. While some companies offer to apply for an EIN on your behalf for a fee, this is unnecessary as the process is simple and free when done directly through the IRS. By avoiding these third-party services, you can save money that would otherwise be spent on unnecessary fees.

Furthermore, when applying for your EIN, be sure to double-check all of the information you provide on the application to avoid any mistakes. Making errors on your EIN application can result in delays and additional costs to correct the information, so taking the time to review your application before submitting it can save you time and money in the long run.

In addition to saving money on the EIN application process, there are other ways you can cut costs when forming your Maine LLC. One cost-saving strategy is to take advantage of free or low-cost resources available to small business owners. Many states, including Maine, offer free resources and information for entrepreneurs looking to start their own businesses, including guidance on forming an LLC and obtaining an EIN.

Another way to save money on your Maine LLC is to DIY as much of the process as possible. While some business owners may choose to hire lawyers or consultants to assist with forming an LLC, many of the steps can be completed independently with a little research and effort. By following step-by-step guides and utilizing online resources, you can save money on professional fees and complete the process on your own.

In conclusion, forming an LLC in Maine can be a cost-effective process if you take the time to explore your options and save money where you can. By applying for your EIN online, avoiding unnecessary fees, double-checking your application, and utilizing free resources, you can save money while getting your Maine LLC up and running. With a little research and effort, you can successfully start your LLC without breaking the bank.


Understanding the importance and uses of an EIN in Maine is crucial for the successful operation of your business. By obtaining and maintaining your EIN, you can ensure compliance with federal and state tax laws, establish a strong financial foundation for your company, and access various resources and opportunities for growth. Be sure to utilize the available resources and support for businesses in Maine to maximize your chances of success.

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