Articles of Organization in Ohio | How to File in 2024

Steve Bennett
Business Formation Expert  |   Fact Checked by Editorial Team
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File Articles of Organization in Ohio

Forming a Limited Liability Company (LLC) in Ohio is popular for entrepreneurs looking to start or grow their businesses. LLCs offer numerous benefits, including limited liability protection for their owners and flexible management structures. One of the critical steps in forming an LLC is filing the Articles of Organization with the Ohio Secretary of State. This article will provide a comprehensive guide on How to File Articles of Organization in Ohio.

Webinarcare Editorial Team will help you understand the necessary steps to file for Articles of Organization. It would be best if all the factors in this article guided you.

What is Articles of Organization?

Articles of Organization is a legal document filed with the Ohio Secretary of State to establish a Limited Liability Company (LLC) officially. The Articles of Organization contains essential information about the LLC, including its name, Statutory Agent, and management structure. Once filed and approved by Ohio, the LLC becomes a legally recognized business entity, separate from its owners, and benefits from limited liability protection and pass-through taxation.

The Articles of Organization typically contains the following information:

  • Company name
  • The effective date of the company
  • The headquarters of the company
  • The company’s goal
  • The period of the company’s operations
  • Copy of the name registration certificate for the company
  • Statutory Agent’s and organizers’ names and addresses
  • At least one company employee

Recommended: Filing Articles of Organization is easy and hassle-free if you hire a professional service. We recommend using –

LegalZoom ($0 + State Fee)

How to File Articles of Organization in Ohio?

Aside from hiring a Statutory Agent, you should also be aware that a Statutory Agent should file Articles of Organization in your Ohio LLC. Here are the steps and guidelines for filing.

Step 1: Choose a Name for Your LLC

The first step in registering an LLC Articles of Organization is selecting a unique and appropriate name for your company. Your LLC’s name must comply with your state’s naming requirements, which typically include the following:

  • The name must be distinguishable from other registered business names in the state.
  • The name must include an LLC designator, such as “Limited Liability Company,” “LLC,” or “L.L.C.
  • The name must not include prohibited words or phrases defined by your state’s regulations.

To ensure your chosen name is available through your state’s business name database, Ohio Secretary of State Business Search, usually available on the Ohio Secretary of State’s website.

Step 2: Appoint a Statutory Agent

Statutory Agent is a person or entity responsible for receiving official correspondence and legal documents on behalf of your Ohio LLC. Most states require LLCs to designate a Statutory Agent when filing the Articles of Organization. The Statutory Agent must have a physical address in the state and be available during regular business hours.

Choosing a reliable and responsible Statutory Agent is essential, as failure to receive and respond to legal documents can seriously affect your business.

You can serve as your own Statutory Agent, appoint a friend or family member, or hire a professional Ohio Statutory Agent Services.

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Step 3: Prepare Your Articles of Organization

The Articles of Organization is the legal document that officially establishes your Ohio LLC. While the specific requirements in Ohio, the document includes the following information:

  • The LLC’s name
  • The name and address of the Statutory Agent
  • The principal office address
  • The purpose of the LLC
  • The management structure (member-managed or manager-managed)
  • The names and addresses of the initial members or managers
  • The duration of the LLC, if not perpetual

In Ohio, additional information may be required, such as an organizer’s signature or specific provisions related to the LLC’s operation.

Consult the Ohio guidelines to ensure you include all necessary information.

Step 4: File the Articles of Organization

Once your LLC Articles of Organization is prepared, please submit it to the Ohio Secretary of State. The submission process may vary depending on the method of choice; Ohio allow online submissions and mailing or hand-delivering the documents.

Online Process

To use the online service or download the Articles of Organization form for your LLC, go to the website of the Ohio Secretary of State. You were required to have an LLC name reserved while completing the form. Visit the Ohio Business Name Search to see if the business name you want to use is available there. You must include a copy of your name reservation and your completed Articles of Organization form when submitting.

Mail Process

It is also possible to mail the form if you wish. Please adhere to the guidelines listed below.

  • The Articles of Organization must be downloaded in the Ohio Secretary of State
  • Complete the necessary details in the form.
  • Two copies of the Articles of Organization must be completed.
  • Include the two papers with the Ohio LLC name reservation certificate in a self-addressed, stamped envelope.
  • Submit all paperwork to Ohio Secretary of State, P.O. Box 670, Columbus, OH 43216.

Costs of Filing Articles of Organization

Along with the filing of Articles of Organization, you must pay a filing fee. In Ohio, the Articles of Organization fee costs around $99 which you can pay in the Ohio Secretary of State. Confirm the correct fee amount and payment method for your state.

However, If you want to know more about the cost of forming an LLC, you can check out Ohio LLC Cost.

Step 5: Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

After your Articles of Organization has been filed and approved, you should obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The EIN is a unique identification number used for federal tax purposes. It is required for most LLCs, especially those with employees or elect to be taxed as an S-Corporation. You can apply for an EIN for free online through the IRS website.

The application of an EIN in Ohio can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- The online EIN application is the preferred method for customers to apply for and obtain an EIN.
  • Apply by Fax- Taxpayers can fax the completed Form SS-4 application to the appropriate fax number), after ensuring that the Form SS-4 contains all of the required information.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is four weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone-International Applicants – International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

Recommended: Professional services have the EIN included in their LLC formation package. We recommend using –

LegalZoom($0 + State Fee for LLC formation)

Step 6: Create an Operating Agreement

Although most states do not require an LLC Operating Agreement when registering an LLC, having one is highly recommended. The Operating Agreement in Ohio is a legally binding document that outlines the LLC’s ownership structure, management, and operating procedures. It helps prevent member disputes and provides a clear framework for the LLC’s operations.

Step 7: Register for State and Local Taxes and Licenses

In Ohio, you may need to register for additional state and local taxes or obtain specific licenses and permits. Common registrations include sales tax, payroll tax, and unemployment insurance tax. As an LLC, your business income will be subject to pass-through taxation, meaning profits and losses will be reported on your tax return. However, you may still be responsible for other state taxes, such as sales tax, payroll tax, or franchise tax which you can pay in Ohio Department of Taxation.

In terms of franchise tax for your LLC in Ohio, there is No franchise tax. Consult your Ohio Department of Taxation and local government offices to determine which registrations and licenses apply to your LLC.

Step 8: Maintain Ongoing Compliance

Once your LLC is registered and operational, it’s essential to maintain ongoing compliance with state regulations. This typically includes filing Biennial Reports in Ohio, paying required fees every 2 years, and keeping accurate records of your LLC’s activities. Stay informed about Ohio specific requirements to ensure your LLC remains in good standing.

Is the Articles of Organization necessary to be filed in Ohio?

Yes, the Articles of Organization is necessary to be filed with Ohio Secretary of State to legally establish and register a new business entity, such as a corporation or limited liability company (LLC). This document typically includes the company’s name, purpose, Statutory Agent, and stock structure. Filing the Articles of Organization is essential in forming a business and ensuring it operates legally and is recognized by Ohio.

What is the best way to file Articles of Organization? Is it online or by mail?

The best way to file Articles of Organization depends on your specific situation and the state in which you are incorporating your business. Both online and mail-in options have advantages, and either method can be effective.

Online Filing:

  • Faster processing time, as it is usually processed within a few days or even hours.
  • Immediate confirmation of submission and payment.
  • Lower risk of errors, as the online form may provide guidance and prevent incomplete submissions.

Mail-in Filing:

  • Some people prefer the traditional method and feel more comfortable with paper documentation.
  • You can include a cover letter or additional documentation if you have specific questions or complex situations.

To determine the best method for your needs, check the Ohio Secretary of State or similar department’s website for information on their preferred filing options and processing times. Online filing is more convenient and efficient, but both methods can be used effectively to submit your Articles of Organization.


What is an LLC?
An LLC (Limited Liability Company) is a type of legal business structure that provides personal liability protection for its owners.
Can I form an LLC in Ohio?
Yes, you can form an LLC in Ohio.
What is the cost of filing LLC Articles of Organization in Ohio?
The filing fee to submit LLC Articles of Organization in Ohio is $99.
Can I file my LLC Articles of Organization by myself?
Yes, you can.
Is an attorney required to form an LLC in Ohio?
No, an attorney is not required to form an LLC in Ohio.
Can I file my LLC Articles of Organization online?
Yes, you can file your LLC Articles of Organization online through the Ohio Secretary of State’s website.
What information do I need to provide on the Articles of Organization form?
You’ll need to provide basics like the LLC’s name, organizer’s name & address, principal place of business.
How long does it take to get LLC Articles of Organization in Ohio approved?
It usually takes around 3-5 days after filing.
Do I need to include a Registered Agent’s name and information on my Articles of Organization?
Yes, you must have a registered agent who is able-to-receive communication related to the LLC in Ohio.
What are the responsibilities of the Registered Agent?
Their responsibility acts being a go-between who assures any appropriate legal document can reach the LLC’s owner.
Can I be my own Registered Agent in Ohio?
Yes, but remember the registered agent address should be within the Ohio.
What is an “Operating Agreement”?
Operating Agreement is a document that you should outline terms of operation along with LLC goals.
Do I need to file an operating agreement?
No requirement of filing it with the state, but it’s recommended for creating successful legal expectations.
Can I change my Operating Agreement at a later time?
Yes, you can make changes to an operating agreement.
How long does an LLC remain active in Ohio?
An LLC must file a biennial report to renew its existence in Ohio.
What is the Ohio LLC annual taxes that must be paid?
Ohio LLCs pay $0 fee/annual franchise tax.
How often do I need to renew my Ohio LLC?
For Ohio LLCs, biennial reports filed every two (2) years to remain active.
Can the Ohio LLC be self-managed?
An owner-member could serve as Ohio LLC’s manager but Might Not recommend since it can Kill process benefits.
What is a “Certificate of Good Standing”?
A Certificate of Good Standing Is a document Issued by the Ohio Secretary of State showing compliance with legal requirements.
Do I need a Certificate of Good Standing from the Ohio Secretary of State?
No, a Foreign Ohio LLC needs one in case any other government authorities require it.
What paperwork should I keep for my LLC?
It’s recommended keeping your LLC Articles of Organization, Operating Agreement, and any passed Resolutions minutes.
Does information about Ohio LLC filing stay user’s private?
Yes, in Ohio, information about LLC filing stays as private legal information.
Can I convert my Ohio LLC filing to another state?
Yes, Ohio entity well may register for another state within which they want to operate your LLC as FSO LLC certified.
Are publications required as part of an Ohio LLC formation process?
No, Ohio LLCs do not have newspapers disclosure certifying announcement requirements in their initiation process.
Who do I contact if I need more information?
Feel free to reach out to and consult with your suitable legal authority in processing LLC conventions and paperwork processing.
Is an Employer Identification Number (EIN) required for an Ohio LLC?
Ohio LLCs mandatory to compile an EIN number from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
How do I apply for an EIN for my Ohio LLC?
You can sign up for EIN through online from the IRS directly.
At what point in the LLC formation process should I apply for an EIN?
Ohio LLCs from might push to past file Articles of Incorporation before applying to get an EIN.
What is the contact information for the Ohio Secretary of State?
Contact them by email, or Secretary of State offices over COD, inquiries line (877) 767-3453.
Why would someone want to form an LLC in Ohio?
Ohio offers certain benefits for LLCs such as strong legal protections.
What is the process for forming an LLC in Ohio?
The process for forming an LLC in Ohio involves filing Articles of Organization with the Ohio Secretary of State.
How much does it cost to file Articles of Organization in Ohio?
It costs $99 to file Articles of Organization in Ohio.
Is there a residency requirement to form an LLC in Ohio?
You do not need to be a resident of Ohio to form or operate an LLC in the state.
What information is required in the Articles of Organization in Ohio?
The Articles of Organization in Ohio require information about the LLC’s name, principal place of business, and the name and address of its registered agent.
Can I file Articles of Organization in Ohio online?
Yes, you can file Articles of Organization for an LLC in Ohio online.
Are there any additional forms I will need to file with the Ohio Secretary of State’s office after I file Articles of Organization?
No, there are no additional forms required to register an LLC in Ohio.
How long does it take to form an LLC in Ohio?
The processing time for forming an LLC in Ohio is typically 3-5 business days.
What is the Ohio LLC operating agreement?
The Ohio LLC operating agreement is a legal document that outlines the management of your LLC.
Is it necessary to have a registered agent in Ohio?
Yes, Ohio law requires that a registered agent is designated to manage legal and tax documents.
Can I serve as the registered agent for my Ohio LLC?
Yes, you can serve as your Ohio LLC’s registered agent.
What is the Ohio Secretary of State’s office?
The Ohio Secretary of State’s office is responsible for processing business filings and maintaining records of businesses registered in Ohio.
How can I check the status of my Ohio LLC registration?
You can check your Ohio LLC registration status on the Secretary of State’s website portal.
Can I change the registered agent for my Ohio LLC after I file Articles of Organization?
Yes, you can change the registered agent for your Ohio LLC at any time.
How do I dissolve or cancel my Ohio LLC?
To dissolve or cancel your Ohio LLC, you must file a certificate with the Ohio Secretary of State’s office.
Will the Ohio Secretary of State notify me when it’s time to file my LLC’s annual report?
Yes, the Ohio Secretary of State will send you an annual report notice by mail or email.
What is the due date for filing annual reports for Ohio LLCs?
Ohio LLCs must file annual reports by April 15.
How do I amend my Ohio LLC’s Articles of Organization?
You can amend your Ohio LLC’s Articles of Organization by filing a Certificate of Amendment with the Ohio Secretary of State.
Can I change my Ohio LLC’s name after filing Articles of Organization?
Yes, you can change an Ohio LLC’s name after filing Articles of Organization by filing Articles of Amendment with the Ohio Secretary of State.
What are Ohio’s requirements for publications for LLC formation?
Ohio does not require LLCs to publish formation documents in a newspaper, unlike other states.
Can I form a foreign LLC in Ohio?
Yes, you can form a foreign LLC in Ohio, but you will need to file a Certificate of Authority to do business in Ohio.
Do Ohio LLCs need to obtain any special licenses or permits?
Depending on your industry and the nature of your business, you may need to obtain additional licenses or permits from the state or local government.
How long is an Ohio LLC’s term of existence?
An Ohio LLC’s term of existence is perpetual unless specified otherwise in its Articles of Organization.
What is the Ohio Business Gateway?
The Ohio Business Gateway is a website that allows Ohio businesses to interact with government agencies.
Does Ohio require LLC members to hold a meeting?
Ohio LLCs are not required by law to hold meetings, unless specified in their Operating Agreements.
What taxes does an Ohio LLC need to pay?
LLCs in Ohio need to pay state and federal income taxes, sales tax if applicable, unemployment taxes, and workers’ compensation insurance.
Can I file my Ohio LLC tax returns and annual reports myself?
Yes, you can file by filling out an online form on the Ohio Business Gateway website.
What happens if I don’t file my Ohio LLC’s annual report?
If you fail to file, the Ohio Secretary of State will deem your LLC inactive, and it may be dissolved if the report is not filed within 5 years.

Also Read

Can You Change or Modify Your Ohio LLC Articles of Organization?

Thankfully, Ohio law allows for the modification and alteration of an LLC’s articles of organization, offering flexibility and adaptability to businesses that may undergo transformations or encounter shifting needs. Modifying the articles of organization ensures that the LLC remains in compliance with both state regulations and the evolving requirements of its owners and stakeholders.

One area where modifications may be required is in terms of the LLC’s members and managers. As businesses evolve, additional members or managers may join or existing ones may depart, necessitating updates to the articles. By doing so, an LLC can maintain accurate records of its ownership structure, preventing any ambiguity or disputes that may arise in the future. Ohio law permits a range of modifications, including adding or removing members or managers, modifying their rights or responsibilities, or specifying their roles within the organization.

Another reason for amending the articles of organization pertains to alterations in the LLC’s name or registered agent information. As businesses expand or relocate, they may find it necessary to reflect these changes within their articles. Ensuring that the articles of organization accurately represent the most up-to-date information enables an LLC to operate seamlessly within the legal framework of the state.

Ohio also allows LLCs to modify other aspects of their articles of organization, including the powers and authority of the company, or the purpose for which it was formed. For instance, this could involve extending the scope of services or products offered by the LLC beyond its original intentions or diversifying its business activities. Adapting the LLC’s articles in this manner allows businesses to respond to market demands or capitalize on emerging opportunities.

Additionally, it is worth noting that modifications to an LLC’s articles of organization can be performed at any point in time, as long as the changes comply with Ohio law and the terms outlined in the original articles. It is prudent, however, to consult legal counsel or a competent business advisor to ensure compliance with the intricacies of the state’s regulations.

In conclusion, Ohio provides adequate flexibility for LLCs to modify and change their articles of organization as per their evolving needs and circumstances. Such modifications are essential for maintaining accurate records, upholding compliance with state regulations, and enabling businesses to adapt to changing environments. Whether amending ownership structures, altering the purpose or powers of the LLC, or updating names and registered agent information, the ability to modify articles ensures that businesses remain in step with their current operating requirements.


Registering an LLC Articles of Organization is critical in establishing your business as a legally recognized entity. By following this comprehensive guide and researching your state’s specific requirements, you can successfully navigate the registration process and set your LLC up for success. Remember that forming an LLC is just the beginning; ongoing compliance and diligent management are necessary to ensure your business thrives in the long run.

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