Small Business Taxes in Texas | Our Essential Guide

Texas Small Business Taxes

Owning and operating a small business in Texas is exciting and fulfilling. However, it also comes with responsibilities, including staying informed about Texas tax laws and ensuring that your Texas business complies with all applicable regulations. If you will start a Limited Liability Company in Texas, this one’s for you! 

This comprehensive guide will walk you through the critical aspects of Small Business Taxes in Texas. Understanding different taxes allows you to make informed decisions that will benefit your business and help you stay on the right side of the law.

Webinarcare Editorial Team will help you easily understand small business taxes in Texas. You must be guided by all the factors gathered in this article.

Small Business Tax Law in Texas

Texas’s small business tax law defines and outlines the tax obligations and exemptions for various businesses, including Limited Liability Companies (LLCs). These laws comprise various taxes that small businesses must comply with for income, sales, payroll, property, and other industry-specific taxes. Each type of tax presents unique implications for small businesses, and navigating through this maze can be quite challenging. Therefore, understanding these taxes in detail is crucial for LLCs as it aids in effective tax planning and helps avoid non-compliance penalties.

LLCs in Texas enjoy certain benefits under the small business tax law. Generally, an LLC is considered a pass-through entity, and its profits are passed directly to its owners, who then report this income on their personal tax returns. This differs from starting a corporation in Texas that faces double taxation on corporate profits and dividends. However, it’s noteworthy that the taxable profit of an LLC is not just the cash the owners take out – it includes the company’s overall profits.

So, appropriate measures must be taken to ensure accurate reporting and minimize tax liabilities as much as possible. Tax laws concerning LLCs often change, and keeping abreast of these updates plays a pivotal role in the successful running of the business. If you are still looking for an LLC service to help you with your taxes, we reviewed these services, including the top features and affordable prices.

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Type of Taxes For Small Businesses in Texas

Starting a business in Texas significantly contributes to the local economy. However, operating such businesses here requires an in-depth understanding of the types of small business taxes. Small businesses must adhere to these taxes’ specific regulations, rates, and filing deadlines to avoid penalties and operational interruptions. These taxes include but are not limited to:

  • Income Tax: Typically, all businesses in Texas must file an income tax return and may need to pay capital gains tax on any profits. There is no income tax rate in Texas.
  • Sales Tax: Businesses in Texas that sell physical products might be required to collect sales tax on transactions and forward it to the Texas government. The sales tax rate in Texas is 6.25%.
  • Payroll Tax: If a business in Texas has employees, it is responsible for withholding payroll taxes from the employee’s wages and transferring them to the relevant tax agency.
  • Property Tax: Businesses that own property in Texas may be subject to a property tax varying from county to county. The property tax rate in Texas is 1.81%.
  • Franchise Tax: Some states, including Texas, may have a franchise tax, which applies to businesses simply for the privilege of operating in that state. The franchise tax fee in Texas is minimum of $400 that varies based on the revenue.
  • Self-Employment Tax: Sole proprietors and freelancers in Texas may be required to pay self-employment taxes, covering social security and Medicare costs.
  • Excise Tax: Some businesses may be liable to pay excise taxes, typically applied to certain goods and services such as alcohol, tobacco, and gasoline.
  • Unemployment Insurance Tax: Employers in Texas might be required to pay unemployment insurance taxes, which fund unemployment benefits for workers who lose their jobs.

Understanding the types of small business taxes in Texas is the first step towards financial transparency. Remember, when you start an LLC, you’re not only launching a business, you’re also taking on a mantle of fiscal responsibility. Stay informed, stay compliant, and contribute to the growth of Texas’s economy.


Calculate Taxes in Texas

Understanding how to calculate taxes for small businesses in Texas. You will not just fathom the different taxes and how they work but also how you came up with them. Here is how you calculate taxes in Texas.

  • Income Tax: Business income tax is calculated based on the profits reported on your income tax return. The amount of tax due will be based on the tax rate in your specific tax bracket.
  • Sales Tax: To calculate sales tax, multiply the total sales receipts by the sales tax rate in Texas. The sales tax amount should be added to the customer’s price for goods or services.
  • Payroll Tax: Payroll taxes include federal income tax, Social Security, and Medicare taxes. You can use the tax tables or tax calculator provided by the IRS to calculate these taxes. In addition, employers are responsible for paying the Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA).
  • Property Tax: Property taxes are calculated by multiplying the property’s assessed value by the local property tax rate.
  • Franchise Tax: Franchise tax calculation varies by state. It could be based on your net worth, income, or a flat fee. Consult the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts for details.
  • Self-Employment Tax: Self-employment tax consists of Social Security and Medicare taxes. To calculate it, multiply your net profit from self-employment by 15.3%.
  • Excise Tax: Excise taxes are usually included in the product’s price, like gasoline or alcohol, and are often levied per unit (like per gallon or bottle) rather than as a price percentage.
  • Unemployment Insurance Tax: These rates vary by state and by the individual employer’s experience rating. The employer’s experience rating is based on the benefits paid to former employees, so new businesses in Texas usually have a relatively low rate.

It is recommended to consult a tax professional to ensure accuracy and compliance with all relevant tax laws.

File and Pay Business Taxes in Texas

The process of filing and paying taxes in Texas can be broken down into several steps. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to go about it:

  1. Gather all relevant documents: Collect all the necessary paperwork, including W-2 forms from your employer(s), 1099 forms for freelance or self-employment income, income statements from banks or financial institutions, and any other relevant receipts or records.
  2. Determine your filing status: Assess your marital status and household situation to determine the appropriate filing status, such as Single, Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately, Head of Household, or Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child.
  3. Choose a filing method: In Texas, you can file taxes electronically using tax software or prepare a paper return. Electronic filing is generally faster, more convenient, and can minimize errors. You can file your taxes by mail and submit them to the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts.
  4. Calculate your taxable income: Calculate your total income by adding up all your earnings, including wages, tips, self-employment income, dividends, and interest. Deduct any eligible adjustments and deductions to arrive at your taxable income.
  5. Complete the tax return: Fill out the Texas tax forms electronically or on paper based on your chosen filing method. Take your time to review and double-check the information provided to minimize errors.
  6. Submit your tax return: If filing electronically, follow the instructions provided by the tax software to submit your return electronically. If filing on paper, mail your completed tax return to the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. Include any required forms, schedules, and copies of your W-2 or other income statements.
  7. Determine your payment method: Calculate the taxes owed or the refund due. If you owe taxes, there are several payment options available, such as electronically via direct debit or credit card, by mail with a check or money order, or through an electronic funds transfer. Choose the payment method that suits you best.
  8. Pay your taxes: Submit your tax payment by the Texas deadline. Ensure the payment is postmarked by the due date to avoid penalties or interest charges.
  9. Keep copies for your records: Make copies of all documents associated with your tax return, including the completed forms, payment proof, and any supporting documentation. Store these records in a safe place for future reference.

Remember to consult Texas’s official tax website or seek professional advice to ensure compliance with any specific tax regulations or updates in the state.

Small Business Tax Deductions

Tracking and claiming deductions for your Texas small business can significantly reduce your tax burden. Some common deductions available to small businesses in Texas include:

  • Business Expenses: Ordinary and necessary expenses, such as rent, utilities, and office supplies, can be deducted from your income.
  • Depreciation: The cost of business property, such as equipment, vehicles, and buildings, can be deducted over a specified period. Knowing it has tax deductions is better if you plan to create a rental property for your Texas LLC
  • Employee Wages and Benefits: Employees’ salaries, wages, and benefits can be deducted as a business expense. 
  • Business-related Travel and Meals: Expenses incurred while traveling for business purposes or meals consumed during business meetings can be deducted, subject to certain limitations.
  • Home Office Deduction: If you use a portion of your home exclusively for business purposes, you may be able to deduct a portion of your home expenses, such as mortgage interest, property taxes, and utilities.
  • Retirement Plan Contributions: Contributions made to a qualified retirement plan for yourself and your employees can be deducted as a business expense.

Hire a Tax Professional in Texas

Accurate tax filing requires a certain level of expertise. Recognizing this, seeking the services of a good tax professional in Texas can be beneficial for your small business. Hiring a tax professional will safeguard you from possible mistakes and help you maximize your tax savings. Considering their value, selecting the right professional becomes crucial.

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Sanctions For Not Filing Small Business Taxes in Texas

Sanctions and penalties exist for not paying taxes for a small business in Texas. The specific sanctions and penalties can vary depending on the amount owed and the time the taxes remain unpaid. Some common sanctions and penalties for unpaid small business taxes in Texas include:

  • Late payment fees
  • Interest charges on unpaid taxes
  • Revocation of business license
  • Seizure of business assets
  • Legal action, such as wage garnishment or liens on the property.

Paying small business taxes on time and in full is important to avoid these sanctions and penalties. Suppose you are unable to pay your small business taxes. In that case, it is recommended that you contact the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts or a tax professional to discuss payment options and avoid any penalties.

Where Do I File My Small Business Taxes in Texas?

Small business taxes in Texas can be filed with the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts or a state-approved online tax filing service. The specific process for filing small business taxes can vary depending on the business entity type and the revenue earned during the tax year. It is recommended that small business owners consult with a tax professional or visit the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts website for more information on how to file small business taxes in Texas.


What is the tax rate for small businesses in Texas?
The tax rate for small businesses in Texas varies depending on the type of business and the location.
Does Texas have a state income tax for small businesses?
No, Texas does not have a state income tax for small businesses.
How do I register my small business for taxes in Texas?
To register your small business for taxes in Texas, you can apply for a Taxpayer ID Number with the Texas Comptroller’s office.
Do I need a CPA to file my small business taxes in Texas?
No, it is not necessary to hire a CPA to file your small business taxes in Texas.
What documents do I need to file taxes for my small business in Texas?
You’ll need your income statement, balance sheet, receipts, and any other relevant financial documents.
What is the deadline for small business taxes in Texas?
The deadline for small business taxes in Texas is usually April 15th, but it can vary depending on the type of business.
What happens if I file my small business taxes late in Texas?
The Texas comptroller may assess penalties and interest for late filings, and you could also face legal action.
How does Texas tax small business sales?
Texas sales tax is generally around 6.25%, but it can vary depending on different conditions.
How can I get a sales tax exemption for my small business in Texas?
To obtain a sales tax exemption in Texas, you must fill out an application and provide proof of your business’s status, purpose, and income.
Does Texas offer any tax breaks for small businesses?
Yes, Texas offers multiple tax incentives for small businesses, including sales tax exemptions and tax credits.
How can I get a business license in Texas?
To get a business license in Texas, you’ll need to find out if it is required from your county or city authorities.
How do I renew my business license in Texas?
Business license renewal involves an easy process of updating your information and paying the renewal fees.
Can I electronically file my small business taxes in Texas?
Yes, small business taxes can be filed electronically in Texas.
What is the minimum wage for employees at small businesses in Texas?
Current minimum wage in Texas is $7.25/hour for small businesses.
Do I have to collect sales tax as a sole proprietor in Texas?
If you are conducting business in Texas, you must collect sales and use tax and report and remit it to the Texas Comptroller.
What are the tax implications of hiring employees in Texas?
To hire employees in Texas, you must file payroll taxes, unemployment taxes, and other payroll-related paperwork.
When do I need to obtain an EIN for my small business in Texas?
You need to obtain an EIN for your small business when you hire employees or when you file certain tax returns.
How can I apply for tax exemptions for my small business in Texas?
You can apply for tax exemptions by registering a new business with the Texas Comptroller and supplying any requisite information.
What is the small business tax credit in Texas?
The small business tax credit in Texas allows companies to get back up to 50 percent of taxes paid against the margin of your economy.
Do I need to charge sales tax on all my small businesstransactions in Texas?
All taxable transactions, beyond certain few exemptions, require collectables remittance of sales use from sellers.
What are the payroll tax obligations for small businesses in Texas?
The payroll tax considerations consist of calculating taxes for the employer and the employee contributions as per the state regulations.
How do I set up an LLC in Texas?
Mustn’t protect documentary authorization or registration charges to register an LLC. But charges other depend on the operator setting up their limited responsibility enterprises & the skilled accountants employed.
Does my small business qualify for tax breaks in Texas if it operates in a traditionally underserved area?
When located within an underdeveloped district, you can gain from tax exclusions in individual income and offers given by the enterprise sales tax incentives.
Does Texas have a franchise tax that applies to small businesses?
Yes, Texas has a franchise tax that primarily targets profits allocated being managed, but it does affect small businesses too and it varies from company to company.
How does Texas VAT work for small businesses?
Texas does not have a VAT system; any sales tax only involves the seller and purchaser involved in the transaction, and hence subject to the tax liability.
Are S corporations treated differently under small business tax rules in Texas?
No, there are no specific tax modifications applicable regarding the types of business classification such as S Corporations under small business tax rules in Texas.
Are sole proprietorships personally responsible for sales tax in Texas?
Sole proprietorships are group structures through where the immediate possession liability regarding the sales tax falls precisely upon the sole trader.
How to request a business name reservation in Texas?
To ask for a business name to reserve the designation of the Limited Company, you need either legally confirm the existence of some prior official reporting a positive or non-action call and authorize it with the right file ending.
What is the cost of tracking my exemptions and setting up payment verification over Post-pay providers?
The expenditures on utilizing versions of upgrading recommendations differ by provider, depending on the benefit level needed by the operation.
What’s the difference between Texas Sales and Use Tax?
The retail taxes consist of sales totaled from directly selling any taxable transactions under the standard retail insurance policy. But the use tax involves the responsibility of a client within the allocated state sales tax, acquired during financial transactions for property related expenses caused without Sales taxes charged.

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Understanding and complying with small business tax laws in Texas is crucial for the success of your business. By staying informed about filing requirements, tax rates, deductions, and credits, you can make informed decisions that will benefit your business and help you avoid potential tax penalties. Consider consulting with a tax professional to ensure your small business fully complies with all applicable tax laws in Texas.

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