Creating a Rental Property in Montana | From Investment to Income

Montana Rental Property LLC

In the world of real estate investing, creating a Limited Liability Company (LLC) for rental properties has become an increasingly popular strategy for property owners in Montana. An LLC provides numerous benefits, including limited liability protection, potential tax advantages, and improved professional credibility. This guide will walk you through the steps to Create a Rental Property LLC in Montana, helping you navigate the process and ensuring your investment is well-protected and structured for success. From researching local laws and regulations to drafting a comprehensive operating agreement, we’ll provide you with the essential information to establish and manage your Rental Property LLC effectively.

To learn everything about creating a rental property in Montana, Webinarcare Editorial Team recommends reading the whole article until the end.

What is a Rental Property LLC?

A rental property LLC in Montana refers to a limited liability company (LLC) formed specifically to own, manage, and rent out residential or commercial properties in the state. Starting an LLC in Montana is popular with investors and property owners because they provide personal liability protection related to the property, separating the owner’s assets from any debts or legal issues that may arise concerning the property.

Creating a rental property LLC allows owners to manage their investments better, take advantage of potential tax benefits, and protect themselves from lawsuits or financial liabilities related to their real estate ventures. Montana has its own regulations and filing requirements for establishing an LLC, so it is vital to research and complies with the specific rules and guidelines in the desired state of operation.

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It is suggested that you speak with a legal professional before you begin setting up a rental prorperty LLC. They’ll understand what’s best for you and your future company. To safeguard your personal assets from business debts, you can always start an LLC in Montana.


How to Create a Rental Property LLC in Montana

To create a rental property LLC in Montana, you must follow a few steps that include choosing a name for your LLC, hiring a Registered Agent, filing your Articles of Organization, transferring title to your Montana LLC, and finally, updating the lease.

Step 1: Choose a Name For Your LLC

Selecting a name for your Montana rental property LLC is essential to forming. Your business name should be unique, memorable, and reflective of your products or services. There is a complete guide on Montana Business Name Search for you to have a proper LLC business name. 

In Montana, your rental property LLC name must:

  • The business name should have the word LLC or L.L.C.
  • No confusion with a government entity name.
  • A unique name is needed with no match
  • Limit of restricted words that need a license. 

In Montana, if you do not wish to file your LLC right away but want to hold the name that you have decided on, then you can reserve your LLC name for 120 days. You must file a name reservation application with the Montana Secretary of State to keep the name. 

You can register your business under a different legal name if your preferred name isn’t available.  Once you have chosen a name, you can submit an application for Montana DBA (doing business as). In this manner, you can choose any name you desire for your business. A DBA allows a company to operate under the name of the person or entity who owns it. If you have decided to file for a DBA, you can file it in one method, online.

However, before filing a DBA, you should know that you need to renew your DBA every five years, which costs $20.

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Step 2: Choose a Registered Agent

The next step in forming a rental property LLC is hiring a Registered Agent who accepts legal paperwork for your business. This person or business will receive important tax forms, legal documents, all notices of lawsuits, and other official government correspondence in Montana. Forming an LLC and creating a rental property for your LLC will be easier if you have a Registered Agent in Montana. You can serve as your Registered Agent, or you can appoint a friend, family member or hire the Best Montana Registered Agent Services.

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Step 3: File Your LLC’s Articles of Organization

The Articles of Organization for a rental property LLC is an important document to start your limited liability company (LLC). You must have a business establishment before you have a proper rental entity in Montana. Montana Articles of Organization is a simple document that contains the business name and address and the name and address of the person who received lawsuits on behalf of the organization. In Montana, the filing fee is $70. 

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Step 4: Transfer Title To Montana Rental Property LLC

Once you have formed an LLC for your Montana rental property, transferring the property title to the LLC is crucial. This is an essential step to ensure that the benefits of operating your rental property through an LLC, such as limited liability protection and potential tax advantages, are fully realized.

Here are the key steps involved in transferring the property title to your LLC:

Prepare a Deed

To transfer the property title to your LLC, you must prepare a deed, a legal document conveying ownership of the property. The type of deed required for this transfer may vary depending on Montana laws and the specific circumstances of your property. Common deeds include warranty deeds, quitclaim deeds, and grant deeds. 

  • If you transfer title through a quitclaim deed, you are passing any interest you might have in the property to your LLC. 
  • If you would like a warranty deed, it includes a guarantee that the title was good and free of any claims or interests by third parties. 

Record the Deed

Once the deed has been prepared, it must be recorded with your state’s appropriate county recorder or land registry office. Recording the deed is essential for completing the transfer of the property title to the Montana LLC and ensuring that the change in ownership is part of the public record. 

Update Property Insurance

After transferring the property title to your Montana LLC, you will need to update your property insurance policy to reflect the change in ownership. Contact your insurance provider to inform them of the change and ensure that the LLC is listed as the property owner on the policy. This is crucial for maintaining proper coverage and protecting your investment.

Notify Your Mortgage Lender

If you have a mortgage on the property, it is essential to notify your mortgage lender of the change in ownership. Some lenders may require you to obtain their approval before transferring the property title to an LLC. Additionally, be aware of the “due-on-sale” clause in your mortgage agreement, which the transfer of property ownership may trigger. Sometimes, lenders may enforce this clause and require you to pay off the mortgage immediately. However, this is only sometimes the case, and many lenders may allow you to proceed with the transfer without issue.

Step 5: Update And Amend The Lease

Moreover, as soon as you sort out the kind of deed you want in your rental property LLC in Montana, you should sign and record the deed to draft and amend your lease. 

A fast and simple solution to minimize your liability for claims about the property is to transfer the property to an LLC in Montana. But changing the title to your property shouldn’t be your actual plan. Also, speaking with an insurance agent and securing enough liability insurance to pay for any potential claims is important. This ensures that rent payments and other responsibilities are directed to the Montana LLC rather than you.

Step 6: Getting Permits And Licenses

When you get a rental property LLC in Montana, it is mandatory to get permits and licenses from the Montana Secretary of State. Any permits and licenses you obtain for your Montana rental property LLC must be updated and compliant with the local city/county authority. 

Cost to Form an LLC in Montana

The cost to form an LLC in Montana can vary depending on several factors, such as Montana filing fees, Registered Agent fees, and any additional services you may require. Here’s a breakdown of the typical costs associated with forming an LLC in Montana:

State Filing Fees

The state filing fee is the primary expense when forming an LLC in Montana. This fee is paid to the Montana Secretary of State to process your LLC formation documents, such as the Articles of Organization. The filing fee typically costs $70, while the LLC annual fee is $20.

Read the Montana LLC Cost to know more about the specific cost.

Registered Agent Fees

Most states, including Montana, require an LLC to designate a Registered Agent. A Registered Agent is a person or company responsible for receiving legal and official documents on behalf of the LLC. You can act as your own Registered Agent or hire a Registered Agent. These services typically charge an annual fee, ranging from $50 – $150, depending on the level of service provided.

Operating Agreement

While not always required by state law, creating an Operating Agreement for your Montana LLC is highly recommended. An Operating Agreement outlines the LLC’s management structure, ownership percentages, and other details. You can draft an Operating Agreement, use an online template, or hire an attorney to create a customized agreement. The cost of an operating agreement can range from minimal (if using a free template) to several hundred dollars or more (if hiring a business attorney).

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Business Licenses and Permits

Depending on your Montana business activities and location, you may need to obtain Montana licenses. The costs for these licenses and permits will vary depending on the license type, the issuing authority, and the location of your Montana business. However, in Montana, the business license fee ranges from $50 – $300.

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Annual Report and Taxes

Some states, including Montana, may require LLCs to pay Annual fees or taxes. These fees include Annual Report filing fees, franchise taxes, or other state-specific fees. In Montana, here are the following costs.

  • Annual Report Filing Fee- $20
  • Franchise Tax Fee- No franchise tax
  • Sales Tax Fee- $0 (no sales tax)

Optional Services

You may utilize additional optional services when forming an LLC, such as hiring a professional formation service, obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN) in Montana, or registering your business name as a trademark. These services range from free (obtaining an EIN) to several hundred dollars.

Benefits of Creating a Rental Property LLC

Creating a Limited Liability Company (LLC) for rental properties in Montana offers several benefits. Montana LLC is a business structure that combines a partnership’s flexibility with a corporation’s limited liability protection. Here are some key advantages of establishing an LLC for your rental properties:

Limited Liability Protection

One of the main benefits of creating an LLC for rental properties is its limited liability protection. As an LLC owner, your assets are protected from the debts and liabilities of the rental property. Should any legal issues arise, such as a tenant lawsuit or property damage claim, your assets, such as your home, personal bank accounts, and other investments, are generally not at risk.

Tax Advantages

LLC offers potential tax benefits for rental property owners in Montana. By default, an LLC is considered a pass-through entity, meaning the profits and losses from the rental properties pass through to the owners’ tax returns. This avoids the double taxation that occurs with corporations. Additionally, rental property owners may take advantage of tax deductions for expenses related to the property, such as mortgage interest, property taxes, maintenance, and repairs.

Easier Management

Managing rental properties through an LLC can simplify ownership and make it easier to manage multiple properties. You can streamline bookkeeping, tax reporting, and other administrative tasks with an LLC. If you own multiple rental properties, you can consolidate them by creating a Single-Member LLC in Montana.

Professional Image

Operating your rental properties through an LLC can enhance your professional image and credibility with tenants, lenders, and other business partners. It demonstrates that you are serious about your real estate investments and are committed to maintaining high standards of professionalism and business practices.

Flexibility in Ownership and Management

Montana LLC offers flexibility in ownership and management structures. You can have multiple members in your Montana LLC, allowing you to bring in partners or investors. Additionally, an LLC can have different classes of membership interests, enabling you to allocate profits and losses in various ways among the members.

Estate Planning Benefits

Montana LLC can provide estate planning benefits for rental property owners in Montana. Transferring rental properties into an LLC allows you to pass ownership interests to your heirs without probate easily. This can simplify transferring assets and minimize potential disputes among beneficiaries.


What is an LLC?
LLC stands for Limited Liability Company, a type of business structure that limits liability for its owners.
Do I need to form an LLC for my rental property?
No, it is not required by law, but forming an LLC can provide protection to your personal assets.
How do I form an LLC in Montana?
You can form an LLC in Montana by filing the Articles of Organization with the Secretary of State.
What are the benefits of forming an LLC for my rental property in Montana?
The benefits of forming an LLC for your rental property in Montana include protection of personal assets and simplified tax filing.
Can a non-resident own an LLC in Montana?
Yes, a non-resident can own an LLC in Montana.
What is the cost to form an LLC in Montana?
The cost to form an LLC in Montana is $70 for the filing fee.
Are there any additional forms or fees required to create a rental property LLC in Montana?
No, there are no additional forms or fees required to create a rental property LLC in Montana.
How long does it take to create an LLC in Montana?
It typically takes 5-7 business days to create an LLC in Montana.
Can I change the name of my LLC after I have formed it in Montana?
Yes, you can change the name of your LLC after you have formed it in Montana by filing an Amendment to the Articles of Organization.
How do I choose a name for my LLC in Montana?
You can choose a name for your LLC in Montana by checking the availability of the name on the Secretary of State’s website and ensuring that it complies with the state guidelines.
Do I need to have a registered agent to form an LLC in Montana?
Yes, you need to have a registered agent in Montana to form an LLC.
Can I be my own registered agent for my Montana LLC?
Yes, you can be your own registered agent for your Montana LLC.
What is a registered agent?
A registered agent is a person or entity that is designated to receive legal notices and official correspondence on behalf of a company.
What are the tax implications of forming an LLC for my rental property in Montana?
The tax implications of forming an LLC for your rental property in Montana vary depending on the type of tax structure you choose for your LLC.
Can an LLC be taxed as an S corporation in Montana?
Yes, an LLC can elect to be taxed as an S corporation in Montana.
How many members can an LLC have in Montana?
An LLC in Montana can have an unlimited number of members.
Can an LLC in Montana have multiple managers?
Yes, an LLC in Montana can have multiple managers.
What is a member-managed LLC?
A member-managed LLC is an LLC in which all members have equal management authority.
Can a single-member LLC be formed in Montana?
Yes, a single-member LLC can be formed in Montana.
How is an LLC taxed in Montana?
An LLC in Montana is taxed as a pass-through entity, meaning that profits and losses are passed through to the members’ personal tax returns.
Can an LLC have a different fiscal year than the calendar year?
Yes, an LLC can have a different fiscal year than the calendar year.
How do I obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) for my LLC in Montana?
You can obtain an EIN for your LLC in Montana by applying online at the IRS website or by mailing a completed SS-4 form to the IRS.
Does Montana require annual reports for LLCs?
Yes, Montana requires LLCs to file an annual report and a fee with the Secretary of State.
What happens if I don’t file an annual report for my LLC in Montana?
If you don’t file an annual report for your LLC in Montana, your LLC will fall into bad standing and may be administratively dissolved.
Can an LLC in Montana borrow money from individuals?
Yes, an LLC in Montana can borrow money from individuals, as long as the terms of the loan are documented with a promissory note.
Are there any restrictions to the investments and structures of a Montana LLC?
Montana LLCs must comply with state and federal business laws, but they generally have flexibility in investments and structures based on their business needs.
Is Montana a good location for rental properties?
Montana offers a range of geography, environment and lifestyle choices which is attractive to renters. Investing in rental property in certain areas makes it a good decision.
Can I transfer property into my LLC in Montana?
Yes, you can transfer property into your LLC in Montana by drafting a bill of sale or contribution agreement.
What are the ongoing requirements for running an LLC in Montana?
The ongoing requirements for running an LLC in Montana include filing annual reports, maintaining accurate financial records, and adhering to state laws and regulations.
What is Montana’s process to set up an LLC?
To form a Montana LLC, you need to prepare and file the Articles of Organization with the Montana Secretary of State.
Can a rental property LLC be owned by one person?
Yes, a rental property LLC in Montana can be owned by one person.
Is it mandatory to register an LLC before opening a rental property in Montana?
Yes, creating an LLC is necessary and must be registered with the Montana Secretary of State.
How much does it cost to create a rental property LLC in Montana?
The filing fee to create an LLC in Montana is $70. However, fees may vary depending on the turnaround time.
Can I operate a rental property LLC in Montana without owning property?
No, you cannot operate a rental property LLC in Montana without owning property.
How can I determine if my rental property name is available in Montana?
You can check the availability of a name you want to have for your rental property LLC on the Montana Secretary of State website.
Does a rental property LLC need to have a registered agent in Montana?
Yes, a rental property LLC in Montana must have a registered agent in the state.
What laws must an LLC for a rental property follow in Montana?
An LLC for a rental property in Montana must follow Montana state LLC laws, as well as the state’s landlord-tenant laws.
How can I make sure I am using the correct insurance for my rental property in Montana?
You can speak with an insurance agent who is licensed in Montana who can help you select the best insurance for your rental property LLC.
What taxes can a rental property LLC expect to pay in Montana?
A rental property LLC in Montana may be responsible for paying property tax and/or state and federal income tax, as well as other taxes depending on their operations.
What benefits can a rental property LLC in Montana receive?
An LLC for a rental property in Montana provides liability protection to the owners, recognizes passive income tax rules by keeping personal and business expenses separately tracked.
Is it necessary to file an Operating Agreement when creating an LLC for rental property in Montana?
No, it is not required to file an Operating Agreement. But it is highly recommended to lessen misunderstandings between members and establish transparency.
How long does it take to create an LLC for a rental property in Montana?
It usually takes around 2 to 4 weeks to create an LLC for a rental property in Montana.
What is the maximum number of LLCs a person can have in Montana?
There is no maximum number of LLCs that a person can have in Montana.
Is a Certificate of Good Standing mandatory for a rental property LLC in Montana?
A rental property LLC in Montana doesn’t require a certificate of good standing. However, if you sell the LLC or refinance the property through the bank, a certificate may be necessary.
How often must rental property LLCs report their earnings in Montana when filing taxes?
Rental property LLC earnings need to be reported yearly when filing taxes.
Who do I contact about forming an LLC for my rental property in Montana?
It is advisable to work with an attorney who specializing in creating LLCs for rental properties in Montana. You can also do it by yourself.
Can the dissolution of the LLC occur in Montana?
Yes, the LLC dissolution can occur in Montana. A certified copy of voluntarily dissolution submission must be filed with the Secretary of State.
Is it mandatory for an LLC operating in Montana to hold a financial account in-state?
No, it is not a requirement for a Montana-based LLC for rental property to hold its account in-state.
Are any fees required for filing LLC articles of Organization in Montana?
Yes, a non-refundable $70 filing fee is required for the Articles of Organization filing.
Who must implement property records in the rental LLC and keep records demonstrating compliance with Montana laws?
It must be an in-state professional registered agent or an officer of the LLC responsible for records in Montana.
Can a PO Box be used as the rental property LLC’s mailing address in Montana?
Yes, as long as a principal-place-of-business address is mentioned.
Should rental property LLCs identify state tax differences in Montana?
Yes, a rental property LLC in Montana should identify state tax differences to be incorporated into the tax preparation plan and budget servicing scheme.
Can outsiders become registered agents for a new Montanan LLC rental place?
Yes, an individual frails outside of Montana and still held responsible and involved in legal action without bias can become a registered agent for a new LLC.
When filing for LLC status, does a rental property necessitate a certain distribution of members’ equity in Montana?
When filing for LLC status for rental property in Montana, a particular stock split could be created — percentages assigned automatically defining profits, dividends, and venture capital.
What categorizes real estate holdings throughout LLC creation in Montana?
In Montana LLC creation, real-estate-related LLC activities, entity size, and protections against taxation must all be clarified before filing formation.
Can I patent my unique rental program when creating an LLC in Montana?
No, a short-term rental arrangement implementing the “security deposit with delayed refund” does not qualify for a patent if merely mentioned but must file copyright for the rented items in the agreement.
What compensation options exist for LLC versus sole proprietorship for tax purposes in Montana?
Individuals reporting taxed as sole proprietors must file basic income and liability. LLC compensation options provide all the improved confidentiality from personal assets accessed as personal entities.
Does Montana have exclusive rules for governmental-chartered LLCs?
Yes, proceedings for governmental-chartered LLCs in Montana will have to give financial disclosures that reveal with particularity all sources of income.

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Creating a rental property in Montana requires careful planning, research, and execution. By following these steps, you can create a successful rental property that generates passive income and provides valuable housing to tenants. Remain diligent and proactive in managing your property to ensure long-term success in the competitive rental market. Ensure the details and records are accurate and precise with the previous filing documentation. And if you have any questions, share them in the comment section below.

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