The Ultimate Guide to Starting a Home-Based Business in North Dakota

Steve Bennett
Business Formation Expert  |   Fact Checked by Editorial Team
Last updated: 
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North Dakota Home-Based Business

Starting a home-based business can be a dream for many people in North Dakota. It offers flexibility, the ability to work in a comfortable environment, and the opportunity to be your own boss. However, starting a Limited Liability Company in North Dakota from scratch can be challenging, especially if you need a clear plan and the right resources. In this article, Webinarcare Editorial Team will guide you through Starting a Home-Based Business in North Dakota, covering everything from legal requirements to marketing strategies. It would be best if all the factors in this article guided you.

What is a Home-Based Business?

A home-based business in North Dakota is a small business venture that operates primarily from the owner’s residence rather than a commercial office or retail space. These businesses typically have minimal employees, low overhead costs, and a flexible work schedule. The types of home-based businesses in North Dakota can vary widely, including freelance services, online stores, consulting, tutoring, and crafting businesses, among others. Home-based businesses can be considered sole proprietorships.

To operate a home-based business in North Dakota, entrepreneurs must comply with North Dakota regulations, such as obtaining necessary permits, licenses, and zoning approvals. Home-based business owners must maintain a professional image, create an efficient workspace within their homes, and implement effective marketing strategies to facilitate growth and success. If you want to start an LLC for your home-based business, consider the Best LLC Services in North Dakota.

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How to Start a Home-Based Business in North Dakota

Starting a home-based business in North Dakota involves several steps, from identifying your niche to complying with legal requirements. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you start your home-based business in North Dakota.

Step 1: Assess Skills and Interests

The first step in starting a home-based business is determining your skills and interests. Take some time to brainstorm and list your strengths, passions, and hobbies. This will help you identify the type of North Dakota business that suits you best. Choosing a business you are passionate about is essential, as this will make it easier for you to stay motivated and committed to your new venture.

Step 2: Conduct Market Research and Business Plan

Once you have identified your niche, conducting market research is crucial to determine the demand for your product or service. This will help you understand the competition and identify potential customers.

A solid business plan is the foundation of any successful North Dakota business. It helps you set goals, identify potential obstacles, and create strategies to overcome them. Your business plan must include the following sections:

  • Executive Summary: Briefly describe your business, its mission, and the products or services you plan to offer.
  • Market Analysis: Provide a detailed analysis of your target market and competition.
  • Company Description: Describe the structure of your business, including its legal form and ownership.
  • Products or Services: Detail the products or services you plan to offer and how they will meet your customers’ needs.
  • Marketing and Sales Strategies: Explain how you plan to reach your target audience and generate sales.
  • Financial Projections: Provide a financial forecast for your business, including income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements.

Step 3: Choose a Business Structure

Before you can legally start your home-based business, you will need to choose a business structure. The most common options are sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), and corporation. This is the list of business structures for you to choose from.

Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is a business structure in which an individual owns and operates a business as a single entity. The owner has complete control over the business and is personally responsible for all debts and obligations. Small businesses and self-employed individuals, such as freelancers or consultants, often use them.


A partnership is a business structure where two or more individuals come together to share a business or venture’s ownership, responsibilities, risks, and profits. Partnerships can be formed through various legal agreements, such as general partnerships, limited partnerships, or limited liability partnerships, each with different levels of liability and management roles for the partners involved.

Limited Liability Company

A Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a type of business structure that combines the flexibility and tax advantages of a partnership with the limited liability protection of a corporation. 


A corporation is a business structure legally separate from its owners (shareholders) and has a distinct identity. Corporations in North Dakota are created through an incorporation process, which involves registering the business, filing for the Articles of Incorporation with the North Dakota Secretary of State, and adhering to specific regulations. Corporations are managed by Three board of directors, who are elected by the shareholders and oversee the company’s overall direction.

Each structure has advantages and disadvantages, so it’s essential to consult a Business Attorney in North Dakota or an accountant to determine the best option for your business.

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Step 5: Name Your Home-Based Business

Selecting a name for your North Dakota home-based business is essential to forming. There is a complete guide on North Dakota Business Name Search for you to have a proper home-based business name. 

In North Dakota, if you do not wish to file your LLC right away but want to hold the name that you have decided on, then you can reserve your LLC name for 1 year. You must file a name reservation application with the North Dakota Secretary of State to keep the name. 

You can register your business under a different legal name if your preferred name isn’t available.  Once you have chosen a name, you can submit an application for North Dakota DBA (doing business as). In this manner, you can choose any name you desire for your business. A DBA allows a company to operate under the name of the person or entity who owns it. If you have decided to file for a DBA, you can file it in two methods, by mail and in person.

However, before filing a DBA, you must know that you need to renew your DBA every five years, which costs $25.

You can check the availability of your desired business name by searching the North Dakota Secretary of State Business Records Search‘s website.

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Step 6: Register Your Home-Based Business

Once you have completed the initial steps, it’s time to register your North Dakota home-based business with the North Dakota Secretary of State. Here are the steps involved:

File the Articles of Organization

You must file the Articles of Organization with the North Dakota Secretary of State to officially form your home-based business. This document includes essential information about your LLC, such as:

  • The name of your LLC
  • The address of your LLC’s principal office
  • The name and address of your registered agent
  • The purpose of your LLC (optional in some states)

You can typically file the Articles of Organization online, by mail, or in person. A filing fee is associated with this process, which costs $135.

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Appoint a Registered Agent

Registered Agent is a person or entity responsible for receiving legal documents and official notices for your home-based business. In North Dakota, your Registered Agent must:

  • Be a resident of North Dakota or a business entity authorized to do business.
  • Have a physical address in North Dakota (P.O. boxes are not acceptable)

Choosing a reliable and responsible Registered Agent is essential, as failure to receive and respond to legal documents can seriously affect your business. 

You can serve as your Registered Agent, appoint a friend or family member, or hire a Professional North Dakota Registered Agent Services.

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Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

An EIN, also known as a Federal Tax Identification Number, is used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to identify your business for tax purposes. You’ll need an EIN to open a business bank account, file taxes, and hire employees. 

The application of an EIN in North Dakota can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- The online EIN application is the preferred method for customers to apply for and obtain an EIN.
  • Apply by Fax- Taxpayers can fax the completed Form SS-4 application to the appropriate fax number), after ensuring that the Form SS-4 contains all of the required information.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is four weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone-International Applicants – International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

In obtaining an EIN in North Dakota, you must be aware to ensure that your business is eligible for an EIN. You need an EIN if you have employees, operate as a corporation or partnership, or meet other specific IRS criteria. 

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Register with the North Dakota Secretary of State

If your North Dakota home-based business will collect sales tax, have employees, or be subject to certain state taxes, you may need to register with the North Dakota Secretary of State. Check the department’s website or consult a tax professional for specific registration requirements.

Step 7: Obtain Necessary Permits and Licenses

Depending on your business type and location, you may need to obtain various permits and licenses to operate legally. In North Dakota, you can check the North Dakota Business License Directory to determine the necessary permits and licenses for your business. Some common requirements include the following:

  • Business License: Most cities and counties in North Dakota require businesses to obtain a business license. The filing fee ranges from $50 – $300.
  • Sales Tax Permit: If you plan to sell products or services in North Dakota, you will need to register for North Dakota Sales Tax Permit through the North Dakota Office of State Tax Commissioner.
  • Professional Licenses: Some professions, such as real estate agents or massage therapists, require specific licenses to operate in North Dakota.
  • Home Occupation Permit: If you plan to operate your business from home, you may need a home occupation permit from your local zoning office.

Step 8: Set Up your Finances

Setting up your finances is another critical step in starting a home-based business in North Dakota. This includes opening a separate business bank account, tracking your expenses, and setting up a system for invoicing and collecting payments. Some tips for managing your finances include:

  • Choose reliable accounting software to help you track income, expenses, and taxes.
  • Create a budget and regularly review your financial performance to ensure you stay on track.
  • Consult with a financial advisor to help you make informed financial decisions and comply with tax laws.

Step 9: Develop a Marketing Strategy

Marketing is crucial for attracting customers and growing your North Dakota home-based business. Develop a marketing strategy to reach your target audience, including online and offline tactics. Some marketing tactics to consider include:

  • Content Marketing: Create and share valuable content, such as blog posts or videos, to attract and engage your target audience.
  • Social Media Marketing: Use social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to promote your products or services and interact with potential customers.
  • Email Marketing: Build an email list and send regular newsletters or promotional materials to keep your audience informed and engaged.
  • Networking: Attend local events and join industry-specific organizations to build relationships with potential customers and partners.
  • Paid Advertising: Invest in online advertising, such as Google Ads or Facebook Ads, to reach a larger audience and generate leads.

Step 10: Set Up your Workspace

A dedicated workspace is crucial for maintaining productivity and separating your personal and professional life. Set up a comfortable and organized workspace in your home that includes all the necessary equipment and supplies. 

Benefits of a Home-Based Business in North Dakota

Starting a home-based business in North Dakota offers numerous benefits for entrepreneurs, ranging from financial advantages to an improved work-life balance. Here are some of the key benefits of starting a home-based business in North Dakota:

  • Lower overhead costs: Operating a business from home significantly reduces expenses such as rent, utilities, and maintenance associated with a traditional office or retail space. This can lead to higher profit margins and lower financial risk.
  • Flexibility: North Dakota home-based businesses typically offer greater flexibility regarding work hours and schedules. This allows entrepreneurs to balance their personal and professional lives more effectively, accommodating family commitments or pursuing other interests.
  • Tax benefits: In North Dakota, home-based business owners may be eligible for various tax deductions related to their home offices, such as a portion of mortgage interest, property taxes, utilities, and maintenance expenses. 
  • Reduced commute time: Working from home eliminates the need for daily commuting, saving time and money on transportation costs. This also contributes to a more eco-friendly lifestyle by reducing your carbon footprint.
  • Customizable work environment: With a home-based business, you can create a workspace tailored to your preferences and needs, increasing productivity, comfort, and job satisfaction.
  • Easier scaling: Starting small and growing your North Dakota business at your own pace is more manageable with a home-based business. This allows you to adapt to market changes and expand your business as needed without the pressure of a large overhead.
  • Greater control and independence: Running a home-based business in North Dakota allows you to make your own decisions, set your goals, and determine the direction of your business without interference from a boss or corporate structure.
  • Opportunity for innovation: North Dakota home-based businesses often focus on niche markets or provide specialized products or services, allowing entrepreneurs to explore innovative ideas and solutions that may not be possible within a larger company.
  • Local economic benefits: By starting a home-based business in North Dakota, you contribute to the local economy by providing jobs, paying taxes, and supporting other local businesses through your supply chain or partnerships.
  • Personal growth and development: Running a home-based business in North Dakota offers personal growth and skill development as you learn to manage various aspects of your business, from marketing to finances.


What are the legal requirements to operate a home-based business in North Dakota?
Home-based businesses in North Dakota are regulated by the Department of Commerce and must comply with local zoning requirements and obtain any necessary licenses and permits.
Can I operate any type of business from home in North Dakota?
In North Dakota, home-based businesses are allowed as long as they comply with local zoning laws and regulations.
Can I receive funding or support for starting a home-based business in North Dakota?
North Dakota has several grants and programs that can assist with starting or growing a home-based business, like the Governor’s Main Street ND Initiative or SCORE mentoring.
Is there a special tax structure for home-based businesses in North Dakota?
Generally, home-based businesses in North Dakota pay taxes like any other business, but it is recommended to consult with an accountant to ensure compliance.
Can I operate a daycare center as a home-based business in North Dakota?
Yes, but home-based daycare centers need to comply with state licensing regulations that vary depending on whether you operate a small or large home daycare center.
What types of services make a good home-based business in North Dakota?
Some successful home-based business ideas in North Dakota include freelancing, graphic design, virtual assistants, and home health services.
Can I operate a retail business from home?
It is possible to operate a retail business from home in North Dakota, but zoning laws and licensing requirements may apply depending on the scale of the business.
Do I need a business plan for my home-based business in North Dakota?
It is highly recommended that you develop a business plan to establish goals, strategies, and budgets for your home-based business in North Dakota.
Can I get assistance for writing a business plan in North Dakota?
The North Dakota Small Business Center offers one-on-one assistance for entrepreneurs seeking to develop a professional business plan.
Is it easy to get a loan to start a home-based business in North Dakota?
There are several options for small business financing in North Dakota, including federal funding, local entrepreneurship programs, and banks that offer small business loans.
Do I need to obtain liability insurance for my home-based business in North Dakota?
Liability insurance is not a requirement in North Dakota for home-based businesses, but it is recommended to protect your business assets in case of any incidents.
Can I register my home-based business with the Secretary of State in North Dakota?
Yes, North Dakota allows home-based businesses to register with the Secretary of State, which provides businesses with legal and financial protection.
Can I hire employees for my home-based business in North Dakota?
Yes, it’s possible to hire employees. However, employment laws must be followed, including labor laws, taxes, and workers’ compensation.
Is funding or support available for women- and minority-owned businesses in North Dakota?
North Dakota has several entrepreneurship programs for minorities, including the North Dakota Small Business Development Center and Prism DEI Solutions.
Do I need to charge sales tax for my home-based business in North Dakota?
If you sell goods in North Dakota, you must obtain a sales tax permit and remit sales tax. However, services are generally exempt from sales tax.
Are there any prohibited home-based businesses in North Dakota?
Businesses that violate environmental, health, or public-safety codes are prohibited. Products like drugs, weapons, and illegal items are also prohibited.
How can I promote my home-based business in North Dakota?
There are many marketing options available, such as social media, email marketing, Google Ads, and networking within the community.
Can I deduct home office expenses for my home-based business on my taxes in North Dakota?
If you operate a legitimate home-based business from your home, you may deduct certain home-office expenses from your taxes, such as rent or mortgage interest.
Is there a requirement to have a separate phone line for a home-based business in North Dakota?
Having a separate phone line is not a state requirement, but it can be beneficial for boosting professionalism and productivity.
How can I create a website for my home-based business?
Several free platforms like WordPress and Wix can help you design a professional-looking website for your home-based business in North Dakota.
Are there any risks to starting a home-based business in North Dakota?
Some potential risks may include a lack of stipulated structure with family life, tax code changes from unlawful billings, challenges with networking in-person.
Can I run a food-based business from home in North Dakota?
If you wish to run a food-based business from home, certain zoning laws and regulations must be complied with.
Do I need to file for a sales tax permit to sell locally in North Dakota?
Yes, for businesses selling products and collecting revenues it is needed obtain a sales tax permit in North Dakota, which can be performed using the North Dakota Uniform Sales & Use Tax Certificate.
Can I distribute my products to nearby States, without adhering to any tax requirements?
It’s possible, but for business persons shipping taxed items worth over $3000 per year, it is required to gather receipts and watchful records, additional state tax will apply.
Can I dock a manufacturer hire for producing and manufacturing a product?
To provide work as the linking dot between manufacturers and suppliers to get respective work done instead of performing the manufacturing process at your business, is feasible.
Can I run a beauty salon from home in North Dakota?
A better fit would be, it’s safe to operate a business out of your home; however, local zoning laws should be well thought-out in conjunction with getting any needed licenses leading the permit process.
Do I require any specific permits or licenses to run a consultancy business from home in Brentwood?
There are a variety of business structures that operate in consultancy-like roles locally many require adequate permits or licenses, make sure to carefully go through documentation before establishing a home-based business.
Does running an online retail service constitute the running of a home-based business in North Dakota?
As working remotely becomes more and more ubiquitously considered the norm due to the pandemic, running an e-commerce store producing revenue online can affirmatively denote the operation side of a home-based business and operations should be tightly knitted according to regulatory proceedings.
What are the prevailing industry areas attributing to entrepreneurial ecosphere in North Dakota?
Huge egroinvestment has exploded in the technology sector, where leading entities like continue to evolve, despite not shying away from traditional agribusiness.
Are all consumers need to pay uniform sales tax on similar Goods and Service obtained, as conducting a home-based business activity with a vendor knowing that a given product shall conclude outside North Dakota?
If you confidentially work through a vendor with employees representing you are remodeling your in-home appeal services, they should motion representation substantiation, and yield legitimate fees and ensured regulations pre-defined in their outsourcing, disinterested if the services to consumers are higher end versions of products or services provided in home state’s locale.

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Starting a home-based business in North Dakota can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience if you follow the necessary steps and dedicate yourself to your new venture. By assessing your skills and interests, conducting market research, and creating a solid business plan, you can set yourself up for success. Additionally, complying with legal requirements, managing your finances, and developing a marketing strategy will help you establish a professional and profitable business. You can achieve your dream of running a successful home-based business in North Dakota with determination, hard work, and the right resources.

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