Converting Your Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC in 2024

Convert Vermont Sole Proprietorship to LLC

As a small business owner in Vermont, you may have started your business as a sole proprietorship due to its simplicity and low initial costs. However, as your business grows, you may want to start an LLC in Vermont, which is more suitable for your needs. Converting your Vermont sole proprietorship to an LLC can protect your assets and optimize your business’s growth potential.

In this comprehensive guide, Webinarcare Editorial Team will walk you through the step-by-step process of Converting your Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC, enabling you to make an informed decision for your business.

What is a Sole Proprietorship and Limited Liability Company?

A sole proprietorship is the simplest and most common form of business ownership, where a single individual owns and operates the entire business. A sole proprietorship has no legal distinction between the owner and the business, meaning the owner is responsible for all the business’s debts, liabilities, and obligations. 

On the other hand, a Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a legal business structure that combines the limited liability protection of a corporation with the pass-through taxation of a sole proprietorship or partnership. This means the owners, known as members, are not personally responsible for the company’s debts and liabilities. The company’s profits and losses are reported on the members’ tax returns. We reviewed some of the Best LLC Services and provided features as an add-on with their packages for you to check out.

LLC Service

Rating & Pricing

Top Features

Learn More

#1 Recommendation

$0 + State fee

  • Free LLC Formation

  • 100% accuracy

  • Best Customer Service

$0 + State fee

  • Free LLC formation

  • Costly Ad-on services

  • Other Business services

Having a sole properietorship had given you freedom and comfortability, but, starting an LLC in Vermont has a lot to offer, which is why it is a highly recommended business structure. It is suggested that you speak with a legal professional first before you begin coverting your sole proprietorship to an LLC. They will understand what’s best for you and your company.


Steps on Converting Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC

To convert Vermont sole proprietorship to an LLC, you must follow the guidelines that include choosing a name for your LLC, appointing a Resident Agent, preparing for the Articles of Organization, creating an Operating Agreement, obtaining an EIN, opening a business bank account, registering for state tax and licenses, and lastly, informing clients and vendors of conversation.

Step 1: Choose A Name For Your LLC

The first step in converting your sole proprietorship to an LLC is selecting a unique and distinguishable name for your new entity. In Vermont, there are specific naming requirements and restrictions that you must adhere to when choosing your LLC’s name:

  • The name must include “Limited Liability Company,” “LLC,” or “LLC.
  • The name cannot include words or phrases that imply the company is engaged in activities it is not authorized to conduct.
  • The name must be distinct from other registered businesses in Vermont.

In Vermont, if you do not wish to file your LLC right away but want to hold the name that you have decided on, then you can reserve your LLC name for 120 days. You must file a name reservation application in the Vermont Secretary of State to keep the name. 

You can register your business under a different legal name if your preferred name isn’t available. Once you have chosen a name, you can submit an application for a DBA (doing business as). In this manner, you can choose any name you desire for your business. A DBA allows a company to operate under the name of the person or entity who owns it. If you have decided to file for Vermont DBA, you can file it in two methods, by mail and in person. However, before filing a DBA, you should know that you need to renew your DBA from up to five years, which costs around $50.

You can check the availability of your desired business name by searching the Vermont Secretary of State Corporations Division‘s website.

Step 2: Appoint a Resident Agent

In Vermont, all LLCs are required to appoint a Resident Agent. Resident Agent is a person or entity responsible for receiving and forwarding legal and tax documents on behalf of your Vermont LLC, such as service of process, Vermont Annual Report, and state tax notifications. Your Resident Agent must have a physical address in Vermont and be available during regular business hours. In Vermont, the cost of Resident Agent usually ranges from $50 – $150.

When selecting a Resident Agent, consider their reliability, knowledge of state requirements, and ability to manage sensitive legal documents. You can serve as your own Resident Agent, appoint another individual, or hire the Best Registered Agent Service.

Step 3: Prepare and File the Vermont Articles of Organization

To officially form your Vermont LLC, you must prepare and file Vermont Articles of Organization with the Vermont Secretary of State. The Articles of Organization is a legal document that outlines essential information about your  Vermont LLC, including:

  • The LLC’s name
  • The Resident Agent’s name and address
  • The LLC’s purpose
  • The LLC’s duration (perpetual or for a specific term)
  • The names and addresses of the initial members or managers

In Vermont, the filing fee for the Articles of Organization is $125. You can submit the document online through the Vermont Secretary of State’s website or by mail. Processing times may vary, so check the website for current information.

Step 4: Create an Operating Agreement

Although not legally required, Vermont Operating Agreement is a crucial document that outlines the structure, management, and financial arrangements of your Vermont LLC. The operating agreement should include the following:

  • The roles and responsibilities of members and managers.
  • The process for admitting or removing members.
  • The allocation of profits and losses among members.
  • The procedure for making major decisions.
  • The process for dissolving the LLC.

Having a written Vermont operating agreement can help prevent disputes and ensure a smooth operation of your LLC. It is advisable to work with Vermont Business Attorney to draft an operating agreement that meets the specific needs of your business and complies with Vermont laws.

Step 5: Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) in Vermont, or Federal Tax Identification Number, is a unique nine-digit number issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to identify your business for tax purposes. With an EIN, you can open a business bank account, file tax returns, and hire employees.

To obtain an EIN for your Vermont LLC, you can apply online on the IRS website, by mail, or by fax. The online application process is the fastest and most convenient method, as you will receive your EIN immediately upon completing the application. There is no fee to obtain an EIN.

The application of an EIN in Vermont can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- The online EIN application is the preferred method for customers to apply for and obtain an EIN.
  • Apply by Fax- Taxpayers can fax the completed Form SS-4 application to the appropriate fax number), after ensuring that the Form SS-4 contains all of the required information.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is four weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone-International Applicants – International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

Recommended: Professional services have the EIN included in their LLC formation package. We recommend using –

LegalZoom – ($0 + State Fee for LLC formation)

Step 6: Opening of Vermont Business Bank Account

When converting your sole proprietorship to an LLC, separating your personal and business finances is essential by opening a dedicated business bank account. Vermont business bank account helps maintain limited liability protection and makes managing your business’s finances and taxes easier.

To open a business bank account in Vermont, you will need the following documentation:

  • Your LLC’s Certificate of Formation
  • Your LLC’s EIN
  • Your LLC’s operating agreement (if applicable)
  • A resolution authorizing the opening of the account (if required by the bank)

You can check out the Best Banks in Vermont, which offers the best fees, services, and convenience for your business needs.

Step 7: Register for Vermont Taxes and Licenses

As an LLC in Vermont, your business may be subject to various state taxes and licenses, depending on the nature of your operations. Common taxes and licenses include:

  • Sales Tax: If your LLC sells taxable goods or services, you must register for Vermont sales tax permit and collect sales tax from your customers.
  • Employer Taxes: If your LLC has employees, you may be required to register for Vermont unemployment insurance and workers’ compensation coverage.
  • Business License: Vermont Business License is a legal document granted by a state government body that permits you to conduct business within the area under its jurisdiction. The price of business licenses and permits in Vermont ranges from $50 – $300.

To ensure you comply with all applicable Vermont tax and licensing requirements, you can check out the Vermont Department of Taxes for more information.

Step 8: Inform Clients and Vendors of the Conversion

After converting your Vermont sole proprietorship to an LLC, you must inform your clients, vendors, and other business contacts of the change. Update your contracts, invoices, and marketing materials with your new LLC name, and communicate the transition to ensure a smooth and professional process.

Ongoing Compliance For Vermont LLCs

As an LLC in Vermont, you are subject to ongoing compliance and reporting requirements, including:

  • Filing Annual Report with the Vermont Secretary of State and pay the associated fee and which you can pay every 1 year.
  • Maintaining accurate and up-to-date records of your Vermont LLC’s finances, meetings, and decisions. You can manage your finances using spreadsheets, accounting software, or becoming a CPA in Vermont.
  • Adhering to any industry-specific licensing and regulatory requirements.

Benefits of Converting Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC

In converting Vermont Sole Proprietorship, there are benefits that you should consider. Here are the benefits you must know before converting your sole proprietorship:

Limited Liability Protection

Converting a sole proprietorship to an LLC provides limited liability protection for the business owner. This means that the owner’s assets (such as their home or car) are separate from the business assets and are protected from being seized to pay off business debts or in case of a lawsuit.

Credibility and Professionalism

Vermont LLC can help improve the credibility and professionalism of the business. Many customers and suppliers prefer dealing with an LLC, which shows commitment and stability.

Tax Flexibility

With Vermont LLC, you can choose how your business will be taxed. It can be taxed as a sole proprietorship, a partnership, or a corporation. This allows you to choose the tax structure that best fits your business and may result in potential tax savings.

Easier Access to Funding

Vermont LLC may have an easier time obtaining funding from banks and investors than a sole proprietorship. Many lenders and investors prefer to work with an LLC, as it demonstrates a commitment to the business and provides legal protection.

Ownership and Management Flexibility

Vermont LLC allows you to have multiple owners (called members) and to divide ownership and management responsibilities among them. This can make growing your business easier or bring in new partners.

Enhanced Privacy

In some states, such as Vermont, an LLC can offer more privacy than a sole proprietorship. This is because the business owner’s personal information may not be as public as it would be with a sole proprietorship.

Easier Transfer of Ownership

With Vermont LLC, transferring business ownership to another person or entity is generally easier. This can be beneficial if you decide to sell your business, bring on new partners, or plan for succession.

Continuity of Existence

Unlike a sole proprietorship, which ceases to exist upon the death or incapacity of the owner, Vermont LLC can continue to operate even if the owner passes away or becomes incapacitated. This provides stability and continuity for the business and its employees.

Compliance with Vermont Requirements

Some states require certain types of businesses, such as those in the professional services industry, to operate as Vermont LLC or another corporate entity. Converting your sole proprietorship to an LLC in Vermont ensures that your business complies with these regulations and avoids potential legal issues.

Access to Additional Benefits

Vermont LLC may be eligible for additional benefits, such as state-specific tax incentives or credits, not available to sole proprietorships. These benefits can help reduce your tax burden and support the growth of your business.

In summary, converting a sole proprietorship to an LLC in Vermont can provide significant benefits, including limited liability protection, tax flexibility, increased credibility, and easier access to funding. It’s essential to carefully consider these advantages and consult with a legal or tax professional before deciding to convert your business structure.


What is the process of converting my Vermont sole proprietorship to an LLC?
The process entails filing the Articles of Organization with the state and obtaining any necessary licenses or permits for LLCs.
What kind of taxes will I be subject to as an LLC in Vermont?
LLCs in Vermont are taxed like sole proprietorships or partnerships, meaning the business itself doesn’t pay taxes, but the owners pay personal income tax on their share of profits.
What fees are associated with forming an LLC in Vermont?
There is a $125 fee to file Articles of Organization for an LLC in Vermont.
What protections does a Vermont LLC offer me?
One of the primary benefits of an LLC is that it offers limited liability protection for its members, meaning that their personal assets are protected in case of business liabilities.
What are the initial steps I should take in converting to an LLC in Vermont?
You should research the process, map out a business plan for your LLC, and choose a name for the business that meets the state’s requirements.
How long does it typically take to form an LLC in Vermont?
It typically takes around ten days for the LLC to be approved in Vermont.
Do I need to file any separate taxes for my Vermont LLC?
In Vermont, the owners of the LLC are responsible for reporting profits and paying taxes on their personal income tax returns.
Can I transfer ownership of my solo-practice LLC to another person?
Yes, an LLC can undergo a change of ownership through the transfer of membership interests.
What are the filing requirements for ongoing compliance of the LLC in Vermont?
LLCs in Vermont must file Annual Reports with the Secretary of State every year.
Do I have to hire a service provider to convert to an LLC?
No, the conversion process can be done yourself, but it is advisable to consult with an attorney or accountant for guidance.
How do I solve a name conflict while converting to an LLC in Vermont?
You can conduct a name availability search in Vermont’s companies database and reserve a unique name if the one you want is taken.
Is it mandatory to hire employees if I migrate to LLC in Vermont?
No, an LLC can have no employees and can still be profitable.
What types of businesses are allowed to form an LLC in Vermont?
Any business entity can form an LLC in Vermont with exception to banks, transportation, and insurance companies.
On what conditions Vermont approve External LLCs to register?
Vermont allows foreign Vermont or Non- Vermont filers to become an LLC in the state under specific qualifications and on compliance with Vermont laws.
How do I comply with annual registration requirements upon forming an LLC in Vermont?
As an LLC, you need to renew your registration and file two years of taxes with the Department of Taxes and ongoing accommodations with the Secretary of State.
What are the assets of the proprietors that would be protected by before and after conversion of Vermont LLC?
The LLC provides limited liability protection for its owners, meaning that their personal assets are safe after conversion.
Can I organize as a foreign LLC in Vermont?
Yes, you are permitted to do so in case you register with Vermont’s Secretary of State.
How do I register for Vermont unemployment tax?
As an employer in Vermont case the owner is REMIC, it requires employers to register with the Department of Labor.
Can a manager of Vermont LLC have eight ties with the LLC?
Yes, though the manager of a Vermont LLC may act as a member or outside consultant.
Is it necessary for an LLC to cite the limitations on multiple seals and signatures?
Yes, limitations on multiple seals and signatures assist business owners in controlling the seals for authorization validating the legal documents.
Do my bylaws need to exist while converting to a Vermont LLC?
Though it is not necessary, however, it is advisable to have LLC bylaws to maintain internal governance.
Can a document administrator support me while frequently facilitating electronic filing through the Vermont Corporations Division?
Yes, an authorized individual/entity can be used for designated office rep authorizing user’s documents including forming the LLC and reporting changes.
Can I register as a deceased individual, regardless of ownership file done by the VT State?
No, the LLC would have to go through additional steps of probate tailored to Vermont’s LLC eligibility.
Can an out-of-state partners register in Vermont LLC permission to convert to Manage your trade named sole proprietor?
Yes, however, they have to file for employer consideration to build in their EIN number, forming both LLC processing and operating agreements to amend the founder’s initial business documents?
Can I convert my LLC to other emerging parties, or with relatives nurturing their development steps earlier?
The process of conversion of funds would still require approval by the Vermont APAFT and DOC database licenses renewal.
Are there essential selling strategies for my LLC applicants?
Yes, businesses should assign significant responsibilities related to sales activities.
Do LLC owners have procedural ownership interests with immediate negotiations while Montana LLC continues uninterrupted?
Yes, LLC members have a constructive managerial style in any business strategy execution plans.
Are there measurement techniques used for analyzing LLC versus sole promoter trade name profit during the conversion process?
LLC in Vermont requires analysis of leases initiated to protect the investment and clarify early the goals of the transition.
Can I convert my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
Yes, you can convert your Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC.
How do I convert my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
You’ll need to file certain documents with the Vermont Secretary of State to convert your Sole Proprietorship to an LLC.
Are there filing fees to convert my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
Yes, there are filing fees required to convert your Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC.
What is the current filing fee to convert a Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
As of 2021, it costs $125 to file the necessary paperwork to convert your Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC.
Is there a way to expedite the process of converting my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
Yes, you can expedite the process of converting your Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC by paying an additional expedited processing fee.
How long does it typically take to convert a Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
The Vermont Secretary of State typically takes 5-7 business days to process LLC formation documents.
Are there any tax implications to converting my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
Depending on how your Vermont Sole Proprietorship is currently classified, there may be tax implications to converting it to an LLC.
Do I need to get a new IRS tax ID number for my Vermont LLC after converting from a Sole Proprietorship?
No, you may continue to use your current IRS tax ID number if you are the sole owner of your Vermont LLC.
What if I want to name my Vermont LLC something different than my current Sole Proprietorship?
You can name your Vermont LLC something different than your current sole proprietorship, but you’ll need to ensure the name is available before filing your Articles of Organization.
Will I need to get new Vermont state business licenses before operating as an LLC?
Depending on the type of business you have, you may need to obtain new Vermont business licenses and permits once you’re operating as an LLC.
Will my Vermont Sole Proprietorship filing date be preserved after my conversion to an LLC?
No, your Vermont LLC filing date will be the date on which your Articles of Organization is received and accepted by the Vermont Secretary of State.
Can an LLC in Vermont have only one member?
Yes, it’s possible to create a single-member LLC in Vermont.
Will my Vermont LLC be taxed as a pass-through entity after my conversion from a Sole Proprietorship?
Yes, an LLC in Vermont can be taxed as a pass-through entity.
Can I convert my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC online?
Yes, you can file certain forms to request your LLC conversion online through the Vermont Secretary of State’s website.
Will converting my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC protect my personal assets if my business is sued?
Yes, creating a limited liability company may provide protection for the personal assets of the members if the business is sued.
How will becoming an LLC affect my ability to file taxes for my Vermont business?
An LLC with more than one member will need to file Form 1065 for federal income tax purposes, but a single-member LLC will consider filing Schedule C on their personal tax return.
Will I still be able to act as my own representative after I’ve converted to a Vermont LLC?
Yes, members of a Vermont LLC can still act as their own representative.
Can I have a bank account in Vermont as an LLC with a different name than my Articles of Organization?
Yes, you can use a “doing-business-as” (DBA) name on all commercial transactions and documents, including bank accounts and advertising.
Do I need to register my Vermont LLC in other states if I have clients elsewhere?
Depending on the state, you may need to also register your LLC as a foreign LLC in other states if you conduct business there regularly.
Are there any reporting requirements after I’ve converted to a Vermont LLC?
All LLC’s in Vermont must submit their annual report to the Vermont Secretary of State to maintain good standing.
Will a Vermont LLC still need to carry insurance for various risks (property, casualty, liability) like sole proprietorships?
Yes, all forms of business in Vermont will need to carry adequate insurance.
Does converting a Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC change anything about Boston small business grants or benefits?
Subject to any specific rules attached to grants or benefits you may wish to apply for, as a legal entity with your Vermont LLC once formed, you will be eligible to receive such incentives to the extent your business meets eligibility criteria.
Can my Vermont LLC still be treated as a disregarded entity for tax purposes if I am the sole owner and employee?
By default if you meet the requirements of being a single-member LLC, it will be looked upon as a sole proprietorship disregarded entity.
Is there a time limit for when I have to convert my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
There’s no hard deadline to make the change, but doing so as soon as possible should protect your personal assets better, meaning that sooner you do it more aligned to best business practices.
Can my Vermont LLC be taxed as an S corporation after converting from a Sole Proprietorship?
Yes, an LLC can choose to be taxed as an S corporation requirements permitting.
What will happen to my business name after I convert my Vermont Sole Proprietorship to an LLC?
Your business name will be updated to reflect your new Vermont LLC name, taking from the latter’s approved Articles of Organization.
Do I need to dissolve my Sole Proprietorship before creating my Vermont LLC?
Dissolving your Sole Proprietorship after formation of a limited liability company means surrendering any rights or interest in the latter. Typically, it is possible, but may have business-specific considerations to review first.

Also Read


Converting your Vermont sole proprietorship to an LLC is a significant decision that can provide valuable benefits, such as limited liability protection, tax advantages, and enhanced credibility. Following the steps outlined in this guide and consulting with legal and financial professionals, you can successfully navigate the conversion process and position your business for future growth and success.

Leave a Comment