Small Business Taxes in Montana | Our Essential Guide

Montana Small Business Taxes

Owning and operating a small business in Montana is exciting and fulfilling. However, it also comes with responsibilities, including staying informed about Montana tax laws and ensuring that your Montana business complies with all applicable regulations. If you will start a Limited Liability Company in Montana, this one’s for you! 

This comprehensive guide will walk you through the critical aspects of Small Business Taxes in Montana. Understanding different taxes allows you to make informed decisions that will benefit your business and help you stay on the right side of the law.

Webinarcare Editorial Team will help you easily understand small business taxes in Montana. You must be guided by all the factors gathered in this article.

Small Business Tax Law in Montana

Montana’s small business tax law defines and outlines the tax obligations and exemptions for various businesses, including Limited Liability Companies (LLCs). These laws comprise various taxes that small businesses must comply with for income, sales, payroll, property, and other industry-specific taxes. Each type of tax presents unique implications for small businesses, and navigating through this maze can be quite challenging. Therefore, understanding these taxes in detail is crucial for LLCs as it aids in effective tax planning and helps avoid non-compliance penalties.

LLCs in Montana enjoy certain benefits under the small business tax law. Generally, an LLC is considered a pass-through entity, and its profits are passed directly to its owners, who then report this income on their personal tax returns. This differs from starting a corporation in Montana that faces double taxation on corporate profits and dividends. However, it’s noteworthy that the taxable profit of an LLC is not just the cash the owners take out – it includes the company’s overall profits.

So, appropriate measures must be taken to ensure accurate reporting and minimize tax liabilities as much as possible. Tax laws concerning LLCs often change, and keeping abreast of these updates plays a pivotal role in the successful running of the business. If you are still looking for an LLC service to help you with your taxes, we reviewed these services, including the top features and affordable prices.

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Type of Taxes For Small Businesses in Montana

Starting a business in Montana significantly contributes to the local economy. However, operating such businesses here requires an in-depth understanding of the types of small business taxes. Small businesses must adhere to these taxes’ specific regulations, rates, and filing deadlines to avoid penalties and operational interruptions. These taxes include but are not limited to:

  • Income Tax: Typically, all businesses in Montana must file an income tax return and may need to pay capital gains tax on any profits. The income tax rate in Montana can range from 1% – 6.9% (depending on income).
  • Sales Tax: Businesses in Montana that sell physical products might be required to collect sales tax on transactions and forward it to the Montana government. The sales tax rate in Montana is 0% since Montana has no sales tax.
  • Payroll Tax: If a business in Montana has employees, it is responsible for withholding payroll taxes from the employee’s wages and transferring them to the relevant tax agency.
  • Property Tax: Businesses that own property in Montana may be subject to a property tax varying from county to county. The property tax rate in Montana is 0.83%.
  • Franchise Tax: Some states, including Montana, may have a franchise tax, which applies to businesses simply for the privilege of operating in that state. Montana does not have a franchise tax for LLCs.
  • Self-Employment Tax: Sole proprietors and freelancers in Montana may be required to pay self-employment taxes, covering social security and Medicare costs.
  • Excise Tax: Some businesses may be liable to pay excise taxes, typically applied to certain goods and services such as alcohol, tobacco, and gasoline.
  • Unemployment Insurance Tax: Employers in Montana might be required to pay unemployment insurance taxes, which fund unemployment benefits for workers who lose their jobs.

Understanding the types of small business taxes in Montana is the first step towards financial transparency. Remember, when you start an LLC, you’re not only launching a business, you’re also taking on a mantle of fiscal responsibility. Stay informed, stay compliant, and contribute to the growth of Montana’s economy.


Calculate Taxes in Montana

Understanding how to calculate taxes for small businesses in Montana. You will not just fathom the different taxes and how they work but also how you came up with them. Here is how you calculate taxes in Montana.

  • Income Tax: Business income tax is calculated based on the profits reported on your income tax return. The amount of tax due will be based on the tax rate in your specific tax bracket.
  • Sales Tax: To calculate sales tax, multiply the total sales receipts by the sales tax rate in Montana. The sales tax amount should be added to the customer’s price for goods or services.
  • Payroll Tax: Payroll taxes include federal income tax, Social Security, and Medicare taxes. You can use the tax tables or tax calculator provided by the IRS to calculate these taxes. In addition, employers are responsible for paying the Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA).
  • Property Tax: Property taxes are calculated by multiplying the property’s assessed value by the local property tax rate.
  • Franchise Tax: Franchise tax calculation varies by state. It could be based on your net worth, income, or a flat fee. Consult the Montana Department of Revenue for details.
  • Self-Employment Tax: Self-employment tax consists of Social Security and Medicare taxes. To calculate it, multiply your net profit from self-employment by 15.3%.
  • Excise Tax: Excise taxes are usually included in the product’s price, like gasoline or alcohol, and are often levied per unit (like per gallon or bottle) rather than as a price percentage.
  • Unemployment Insurance Tax: These rates vary by state and by the individual employer’s experience rating. The employer’s experience rating is based on the benefits paid to former employees, so new businesses in Montana usually have a relatively low rate.

It is recommended to consult a tax professional to ensure accuracy and compliance with all relevant tax laws.

File and Pay Business Taxes in Montana

The process of filing and paying taxes in Montana can be broken down into several steps. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to go about it:

  1. Gather all relevant documents: Collect all the necessary paperwork, including W-2 forms from your employer(s), 1099 forms for freelance or self-employment income, income statements from banks or financial institutions, and any other relevant receipts or records.
  2. Determine your filing status: Assess your marital status and household situation to determine the appropriate filing status, such as Single, Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately, Head of Household, or Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child.
  3. Choose a filing method: In Montana, you can file taxes electronically using tax software or prepare a paper return. Electronic filing is generally faster, more convenient, and can minimize errors. You can file your taxes by mail and submit them to the Montana Department of Revenue.
  4. Calculate your taxable income: Calculate your total income by adding up all your earnings, including wages, tips, self-employment income, dividends, and interest. Deduct any eligible adjustments and deductions to arrive at your taxable income.
  5. Complete the tax return: Fill out the Montana tax forms electronically or on paper based on your chosen filing method. Take your time to review and double-check the information provided to minimize errors.
  6. Submit your tax return: If filing electronically, follow the instructions provided by the tax software to submit your return electronically. If filing on paper, mail your completed tax return to the Montana Department of Revenue. Include any required forms, schedules, and copies of your W-2 or other income statements.
  7. Determine your payment method: Calculate the taxes owed or the refund due. If you owe taxes, there are several payment options available, such as electronically via direct debit or credit card, by mail with a check or money order, or through an electronic funds transfer. Choose the payment method that suits you best.
  8. Pay your taxes: Submit your tax payment by the Montana deadline. Ensure the payment is postmarked by the due date to avoid penalties or interest charges.
  9. Keep copies for your records: Make copies of all documents associated with your tax return, including the completed forms, payment proof, and any supporting documentation. Store these records in a safe place for future reference.

Remember to consult Montana’s official tax website or seek professional advice to ensure compliance with any specific tax regulations or updates in the state.

Small Business Tax Deductions

Tracking and claiming deductions for your Montana small business can significantly reduce your tax burden. Some common deductions available to small businesses in Montana include:

  • Business Expenses: Ordinary and necessary expenses, such as rent, utilities, and office supplies, can be deducted from your income.
  • Depreciation: The cost of business property, such as equipment, vehicles, and buildings, can be deducted over a specified period. Knowing it has tax deductions is better if you plan to create a rental property for your Montana LLC
  • Employee Wages and Benefits: Employees’ salaries, wages, and benefits can be deducted as a business expense. 
  • Business-related Travel and Meals: Expenses incurred while traveling for business purposes or meals consumed during business meetings can be deducted, subject to certain limitations.
  • Home Office Deduction: If you use a portion of your home exclusively for business purposes, you may be able to deduct a portion of your home expenses, such as mortgage interest, property taxes, and utilities.
  • Retirement Plan Contributions: Contributions made to a qualified retirement plan for yourself and your employees can be deducted as a business expense.

Hire a Tax Professional in Montana

Accurate tax filing requires a certain level of expertise. Recognizing this, seeking the services of a good tax professional in Montana can be beneficial for your small business. Hiring a tax professional will safeguard you from possible mistakes and help you maximize your tax savings. Considering their value, selecting the right professional becomes crucial.

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Sanctions For Not Filing Small Business Taxes in Montana

Sanctions and penalties exist for not paying taxes for a small business in Montana. The specific sanctions and penalties can vary depending on the amount owed and the time the taxes remain unpaid. Some common sanctions and penalties for unpaid small business taxes in Montana include:

  • Late payment fees
  • Interest charges on unpaid taxes
  • Revocation of business license
  • Seizure of business assets
  • Legal action, such as wage garnishment or liens on the property.

Paying small business taxes on time and in full is important to avoid these sanctions and penalties. Suppose you are unable to pay your small business taxes. In that case, it is recommended that you contact the Montana Department of Revenue or a tax professional to discuss payment options and avoid any penalties.

Where Do I File My Small Business Taxes in Montana?

Small business taxes in Montana can be filed with the Montana Department of Revenue or a state-approved online tax filing service. The specific process for filing small business taxes can vary depending on the business entity type and the revenue earned during the tax year. It is recommended that small business owners consult with a tax professional or visit the Montana Department of Revenue website for more information on how to file small business taxes in Montana.


What is the sales tax rate in Montana?
The general sales tax rate in Montana is 0%.
How do I register for a Montana tax account?
To register for a Montana tax account, visit the Montana Department of Revenue website and complete the registration form.
Do I have to file a state tax return in Montana?
If you have business income in Montana, you are required to file a state tax return.
What is the corporate income tax rate in Montana?
Montana’s corporate income tax rate is a flat 6.75%.
How do I calculate my Montana business taxes?
To calculate your Montana business taxes, multiply your taxable income by the applicable tax rate.
Can I file my Montana business taxes online?
Yes, you can file your Montana business taxes online using the department’s TAP service.
When are Montana business taxes due?
Montana business taxes are due on the 15th day of the fourth month following the end of the tax year.
Does Montana have a personal income tax?
Yes, Montana has a personal income tax.
What is the individual income tax rate in Montana?
The individual income tax rates in Montana range from 1% to 6.9%.
Can I deduct business expenses in Montana?
Yes, you can deduct business expenses in Montana when filing your business taxes.
Does Montana have a state-level estate tax?
Montana has no estate or inheritance tax.
What is the property tax rate in Montana?
The property tax rate in Montana varies by location. Contact your local county to find out more information.
Is there a minimum income threshold for Montana state taxes?
Yes, Montana has a minimum income threshold. Check the Montana Department of Revenue website for current information.
Can I claim a Montana state tax credit for hiring new employees?
There are no specific state-level tax credits for hiring new employees in Montana.
Does Montana have a tax amnesty program for businesses?
Montana does not currently have a tax amnesty program.
Does Montana have a use tax?
Yes, Montana has a use tax on goods or services purchased from out-of-state vendors.
Are there additional taxes for certain industries in Montana?
Some industries, such as mining or logging, may have additional taxes levied in Montana. Contact the Montana Department of Revenue for more information.
Is there a penalty for late payment of Montana state taxes?
Yes, there is a penalty for late payment of Montana state taxes.
Can I get an extension to file my Montana state taxes?
Yes, you can apply for an extension to file your Montana state taxes. The extension is typically for six months.
How often do I need to renew my Montana business license?
Montana requires businesses to renew their license annually.
Can I download Montana state tax forms online?
Yes, you can download Montana state tax forms from the Montana Department of Revenue website.
Does Montana have a homestead tax exemption?
Montana does have homestead tax exemption.
Am I required to file state taxes in Montana if my business is located out-of-state?
If your business has Montana-source income, you may be required to file Montana state taxes.
What can I do if I can’t afford to pay my Montana state taxes?
You can contact the Montana Department of Revenue to set up a payment plan if you can’t afford to pay your taxes all at once.
What is the state licensing fee for a new Montana business?
The license fee for a new Montana business varies based on the type of business.
Can I claim a deduction for charitable contributions on my Montana state taxes?
Yes, you can claim charitable contributions on your Montana state taxes.
What taxes are involved in selling products online in Montana?
For businesses selling products or services online, they may owe Montana sales or use tax, depending upon where the transaction is considered to have occurred.
What is a tax deed in Montana?
A tax deed in Montana is a legal document that gives a county government the right to sell a property to cover delinquent taxes.
Does Montana have a uniform commercial code?
Yes, Montana has a uniform commercial code that governs many business transactions.
How do I close a Montana business tax account?
To close a Montana business tax account, contact the Department of Revenue’s Business Licensing Unit and follow the instructions provided.

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Understanding and complying with small business tax laws in Montana is crucial for the success of your business. By staying informed about filing requirements, tax rates, deductions, and credits, you can make informed decisions that will benefit your business and help you avoid potential tax penalties. Consider consulting with a tax professional to ensure your small business fully complies with all applicable tax laws in Montana.

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